Permaculture companion plants for Cauliflower

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Image Name Data Description Actions
Common bean Common bean
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaseolus_vulgaris
Moist
full sun
2-11
pole bean, climbing bean, french bean, bush bean, dwarf bean, Kidney bean
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
2.0
Stangenbohne
Vines
Leaves, Seed, Seedpod
Annual
N-fixer
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Phaseolus vulgaris
This entry describes all varieties of the common bean. This includes vining and bush/darf varities. The common bean is an annual plant and includes a lot of varieties with a different names depending on their style of growths (see alternate names). These include the kidney bean, the navy bean, the pinto bean, the french bean and the wax bean Show

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Broad Bean Broad Bean
Leaves, Seed
4-8
Annual
full sun, partial sun/shade
Moist
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
seed - direct sow, seed - transplant
6 weeks after sowing them in pots
6 weeks after sowing them in pots
1.0
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vicia_faba
Fast
fava bean, faba bean, Broad bean, or faba bean Varieties with smaller, harder seeds that are fed to horses or other animals are called field bean, tic bean or tick bean Horse bean
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Ackerbohne
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Vicia faba major
20cm
Feb-April; Oct-Nov
21 days
sow in deep pots in cool, frost-free place
6.0-6.8
nitrogen-fixer
Easy-to-grow, cool-season crop whose green pods, or white or green beans make a great ingredient for soups, stews and salads. Grows best in temperatures ranging from 60° to 65°F (15-18°C) but will tolerate a range from 40°F (4.4°C) - 75°F (24°C). Can be grown in containers but need a lot of space. After harvest they can be frozen, canned or dried for storage. Show

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Runner Bean Runner Bean
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaseolus_coccineus
Fast
Moist
full sun
1-12
Scarlet runner, Scarlet Runner Bean, Scarlet Conqueror, Fire Bean, Mammoth, Red Giant Phaseolus coccineus ssppolyanthus (Cache Bean)
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
3.0
Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed, Seedpod
Annual, Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Phaseolus coccineus
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Beet Beet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beta_vulgaris
Moist
full sun
4-8
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Chenopodiaceae
0.9
Rübe
Leaves, Root
Biennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Beta vulgaris craca
rarely perennial. Show

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Borage Borage
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borage
Medium
Dry, Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
6-9
Common borage, Cool-tankard, Tailwort, Starflower
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Boraginaceae
0.6
Borretsch
60cm
5-15 days
at last frost
21°C (70°F)
Oil
Flowers, Leaves
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Borago officinalis
seed - direct sow
#### Propagation Direct sow early spring when temperatures reach 21°C (70°F). Best sown directly, as borage develops a delicate taproot. #### Links [Borage @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/borage) Show

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Celery Celery
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celery
Moist
partial sun/shade
5-9
Ajwain-ka-patta (Indian)
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
0.6
Sellerie
Herbs
Leaves, Root, Seed
Annual, Biennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Apium graveolens
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Coriander Coriander
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coriander
Dry, Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
2-11
Cilantro, chinese parsley, dhania
light (sandy), medium
Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
0.5
Koriander
Herbs
45-60
5cm
5-10 days
15°C (60°F)
Repels aphids, Repels potato beetles, Repels spider mites
Leaves, Seed
Oil
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Coriandrum sativum
Annual herb where all parts are edible. ### Propagation - Direct sowing Direct sow in early spring after risk of frost. ### Propagation - Transplanting Avoid transplanting, as cilantro is quick to bolt under any stress. #### Links [Coriander @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/santo-organic) Show

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Cucumber Cucumber
Fruit, Leaves
Vines
9-11
Annual
full sun
Moist
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
seed - direct sow, seed - transplant
1 week after last frost
2-3 weeks before last frost
1 week after last frost date
2
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cucumber
Cucurbitaceae
Gurke
50-65
23cm
6.0-6.8
15-30°C (60-85°F)
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Cucumis sativus
fruit is depurative, diuretic, emollient, purgative and resolvent
Annual, self-fertile climber whose fruit is a popular ingredient for salads. #### Propagation Direct sow when soil is warm enough in early summer. Sow seeds individually indoors 3-4 weeks before planting outside into warm soil. Use bottom heat if possible. Transplant when plants develop third leaf. #### Links [Cucumber @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/patio-snacker) Show

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Dill Dill
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dill
Medium
Moist
full sun
2-11
light (sandy), medium
Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
0.8
Herbs
Dill
Leaves, Seed
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Anethum graveolens
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Marigold Marigold
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calendula_officinalis
Medium
Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
2-11
Pot Marigold, Common Marigold, Scotch Marigold, Ruddles
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Asteraceae or Compositae
0.6
Ringelblume
Flowers, Leaves, Seed
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Calendula officinalis
21°C (70°F)
6-14 days
5.5-7.0
15cm
60
Repels nematodes
### Propagation - Direct sow Direct sow in spring when light frost is still possible. Can be sown until early summer for fall blooms. ### Propagation - Transplant Sow indoors in late winter, transplant outside when risk of heavy frost has passed. #### Links [Calendula @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/zeolights-organic) Show

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Marjoram Marjoram
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marjoram
Dry, Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
6-9
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Lamiaceae or Labiatae
0.6
Majoran
Herbs
Leaves
Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Origanum majorana
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Potato Potato
Root
3-10
Perennial
full sun
Moist
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
1.0
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potato
Irish potato, Andigena
Solanaceae
Kartoffel
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Solanum tuberosum
April
12 inches
seed - direct sow
Potatoes are one of the most popular root crops. They grow best at temperatures from 61 and 70 °F. Show

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Tomato Tomato
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomato
Fast
Moist
full sun
10-12
Garden Tomato, dumádu, garden tomato, love apple, lycopersicum esculentum, tomate, tomato, tomato extract containing lycopene, tomato|thakkali, tumatis
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Solanaceae
2.0
Tomate
Fruit, Seed
Oil
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Solanum lycopersicum
Indeterminate tomato plants are perennials in their native habitat, but are cultivated as annuals. Determinate, or bush, plants are annuals that stop growing at a certain height and produce a crop all at once. Show

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Pea Pea
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pea
Moist
full sun
light (sandy), medium
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
2.0
Erbse
Vines
3-9
Leaves, Seed
Annual
N-fixer
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Pisum sativum
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Spinach Spinach
Leaves, Seed
Herbs
4-8
Annual
full sun, partial sun/shade
Moist
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
seed - direct sow, seed - transplant
0.3
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinach
Fast
Chenopodiaceae
Spinat
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Spinacia oleracea
carminative, laxative, hypoglycaemic; against inflammation
from March to June; Aug to Sep
2 weeks
start seeds indoors 8 weeks prior to last frost date
3 weeks prior to last frost date
Easy-to-grow, cool-weather, leafy vegetable, probably native to western Asia Successional sowing once per month/every two weeks is recommended for continuous supply. Show

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Cucamelon Cucamelon
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melothria_scabra
Cucamelon, Mexikanische Mini-Gurke
Vines
full sun
60-70
23cm
6.5-7.0
15-30°C (60-85°F)
Mouse melon
at last frost
3-4 weeks before last frost
Annual
seed - direct sow, seed - transplant
1 week after last frost
Corn, Sunflowers and any other high growing plant, can act as a trellis. #### Propagation Direct sow when soil temperatures reach 15°C (60°F). Plant inside 3-4 weeks before planting outside, and use bottom-heat to help germination. Transplant when plant develop their third true leaf. #### Links [Cucamelon @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/cucamelon) Show

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