Wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca) is a perennial plant native to Europe, North America, and Asia. It has a low-growing, spreading habit and forms a mat of green leaves that are trifoliate, with three heart-shaped leaflets. The small white flowers have five petals and are followed by red, juicy berries that are edible and sweet. The plant grows to about 10-15 cm in height and can spread to about 30 cm in width.
Wild strawberries prefer well-drained, fertile soil and partial shade, but can tolerate full sun. They can be grown from seed or by division of the rooted runners. To cultivate the plant successfully, keep the soil moist and weed-free. Deadhead the flowers to promote berry production.
The berries of wild strawberries are edible and can be eaten fresh or used in jams, jellies, and other desserts. They can also be frozen for later use. The leaves of the plant can be brewed into a tea that has medicinal properties.
Wild strawberries make a good ground cover and can be used in gardens and other landscaped areas. They are attractive to birds and other wildlife, and the berries are an important food source for many species. Overall, wild strawberries are a valuable plant for both gardeners and wildlife.