Permaculture companion plants for Jerusalem artichoke

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Image Name Data Description Actions
Corn Corn
2-11
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
2
true
Pollen, Seed, Stem
Fast
Maize, corn, abado, able, aburow, agbado, awasi, awi, bara-jowar, bhutta, blefo, bli, buta, chujak, goinjol, gomdhan, igbado, jagung, janar, jonar, junri, kaaba, keto, kolkoti, kon, kono, kukri, maka, makai, makka jonnalu, makka-cholam, makka, makkai, makkari, makoi, masara agwado, massara, mekkejola, milho, mokka-janna, musukojola, naham, nyo, oka, oksusu, shaa, sil ni vavalagi, ta-mank, yu shu shu, ai, amylum maydis, awási, aya, corn oi, 6 corn oil (unhydrogenated), corn silk, corn starch, corn syrup solids, corn|iringu, dent corn, dura shami, field corn, flint corn, gangnaengi, granoturco, indian corn, maidis stigma, mais, maiz, aceite, maize oil, refined, maize starch, majs, maydis amylum, maydis oleum raffinatum, maydis stigma, maíz, aceite refinado, maîs, maïs, ogsusu, oleum maydis, pelos de elafe, pod corn, popcorn, refined maize oil, risoy genime sami, stigmata maidis, styli cum stigmatis zeae maydis, sweet corn, topical starch, to-morokoshi, yu mi shu, yu mi xu, zein, zorrat
Poaceae or gramineae
Mais
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maize
Oil
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Zea mays
Corn (Zea mays) is a plant native to Central America and Mexico. It is a tall plant with a sturdy stem and large leaves that grow in a spiral pattern around the stem. The plant produces large, brightly colored flowers that give way to ears of corn. The ears are typically yellow, but can also be white, red, or blue. Corn grows to be anywhere from 3-12 feet tall and can grow quickly, depending on the variety. To differentiate corn from similar plants, gardeners and farmers can look for the spiral pattern of the leaves and the presence of ears. Corn is often grown in rows, which can also help to distinguish it from other plants. Corn prefers well-draining, fertile soil and full sun. In order to cultivate it successfully, a grower will need to provide these conditions and also ensure that the plants receive adequate water. Corn is often grown from seed, which should be planted in the ground when the soil has warmed to at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Corn is edible, and the edible parts are the kernels that are found on the ears. The ears can be harvested when the kernels are plump and fully developed. They can be stored after harvest by drying them in the sun or by freezing them. Corn has many uses. In addition to being a popular food crop, it can also be used as livestock feed and as a source of biofuel. It can also be used as a building material and for crafting. Corn has medicinal properties and has been used to treat a variety of ailments. It is also valued by wildlife, as it provides food and shelter for birds, small mammals, and insects. Show

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Rhubarb Rhubarb
3-8
Perennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Deciduous
1.5
Herbs
True
Stem
Division
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhubarb
Medium
Garden rhubarb, Ruibarbo; ruip?ntico, R?wand, Rhubarbe, Pontischer rhabarber; rhabarber, Rabarbaro, Rabarber, Gegolfde, Rabarber, Vanlig, Rheum undulatum, Rheum rhabarbarum
Polygonaceae
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Rheum × hybridum
6.0-6.8
China, Russia
92cm
Rabarber
Rabarber
Rhubarb (Rheum × hybridum) is a perennial plant that is native to Asia, specifically the region that includes Tibet, China, and Mongolia. It is a member of the Polygonaceae family, which includes other plants such as sorrel and buckwheat. Rhubarb has large, triangular-shaped leaves that are dark green in color and have long, thick petioles (leaf stalks) that are typically red, pink, or green in color. The leaves are toxic and should not be eaten, but the petioles are edible and are often used in culinary dishes. The plant can grow to be quite large, reaching heights of up to 5 feet and widths of 3-4 feet. It has thick, fleshy roots that can be harvested and used medicinally. Rhubarb grows best in cool, moist conditions and requires regular watering and well-draining soil. One way to differentiate rhubarb from similar plants is by its large leaves and thick, red petioles. Additionally, the plant produces small, greenish-white flowers in the summer months. Rhubarb is edible and the petioles are often used in culinary dishes such as pies and jams. The leaves should not be eaten because they are toxic. After harvest, the petioles can be stored in the refrigerator for several days. In addition to its culinary uses, rhubarb has a number of other uses. The roots can be dried and used medicinally as a laxative, and the plant can also be used as a natural fertilizer in gardens. Additionally, the large leaves can be used as mulch and the plant can be used as a ground cover. It does not have much value for wildlife, as the leaves are toxic. Rhubarb is a vegetable derived from cultivated plants in the genus Rheum in the family Polygonaceae. The whole plant – a herbaceous perennial growing from short, thick rhizomes – is also called rhubarb. Historically, different plants have been called "rhubarb" in English. The fleshy, edible stalks (petioles) of other species and hybrids (culinary rhubarb) were cooked and used for food. The large, triangular leaves contain high levels of oxalic acid and anthrone glycosides, making them inedible. The small flowers are grouped in large compound leafy greenish-white to rose-red inflorescences. This is the most common culinary and cultivated variety. The name Rheum rhabarbarum or Rheum undulatum refers to the wild species and are used synonymously (but wrongly) for this plant. ### Links [Rhubarb @ Oregon State Extension](https://catalog.extension.oregonstate.edu/ec797/html) ### Propagation #### Division Divide the crowns are well-developed rhubarb plants in dormancy in early spring or mid fall. Cut each crown into several pieces, each with at least one bud on it. Plant in the ground as soon as possible. Dig holes, and mix native soil with compost. Plant the top of the crown 1 to 2 inches below the soil surface and pack soil so there are no air pockets. Water thoroughly. Show

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Peanut Peanut
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peanut
true
Moist
Full sun
7-10
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Fabaceae or leguminosae
0.3
Leaves, Seed, Seedpod
Oil
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Arachis hypogaea
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