Permaculture companion plants for Western Hemlock

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Image Name Data Description Actions
Vine Maple Vine Maple
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acer_circinatum
Slow
Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
6-9
Trees
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Aceraceae
12.0
Sap
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Acer circinatum
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Oregon Grape Oregon Grape
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahonia_nervosa
Slow
Dry, Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade, full shade
5-9
Shrubs
Cascade barberry
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Berberidaceae
0.6
Fruit, Leaves
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Mahonia nervosa
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Stink Currant Stink Currant
Fruit
Shrubs
6-9
full sun, partial sun/shade
Moist
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
2.5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ribes_bracteosum
Grossulariaceae
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Ribes bracteosum
Western North America
seed - direct sow, cuttings
mid summer
Perennial
Deciduous
[Ribes bracteosum @ Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern](http://temperate.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Ribes+bracteosum) #### Propagation - direct sow Sow seed as soon as fruit is ripe in the autumn. Sow with protection from pests. Requires 3 months of cold stratification at 2-5°C. Sow as early as possible. #### Propagation - cuttings Take cuttings of half-ripe wood, 10-15cm long in mid summer. Show

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Red Elder Red Elder
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sambucus_racemosa
Medium
Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
3-7
Shrubs
Red elderberry, Rocky Mountain elder, European Red Elderberry, American Red Elder
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Caprifoliaceae
3.0
Flowers, Fruit
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Sambucus racemosa
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Salmonberry Salmonberry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rubus_spectabilis
,
Medium
Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
4-8
Shrubs
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Rosaceae
1.8
forest edges
Flowers, Fruit, Shoots, Stem
Hedgerow
Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Rubus spectabilis
Rubus spectabilis is a shrub growing to 1–4 m (40–160 inches or 1.3–13.3 feet) tall, with perennial, not biennial woody stems that are covered with fine prickles. The leaves are trifoliate (with three leaflets), 7–22 cm (2.8–8.8 inches) long, the terminal leaflet larger than the two side leaflets. The leaf margins are toothed. The flowers are 2–3 cm (0.8–1.2 inches) in diameter, with five pinkish-purple petals; they are produced from early spring to early summer. The berries ripen from early May to late July in most of the Pacific Northwest (later in cooler climates), and resembles a large shiny yellow to orange-red blackberry 1.5–2 cm (0.6–0.8 inches) long with many drupelets. These are eaten by many birds and other animals. Show

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Alaska Blueberry Alaska Blueberry
Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
light (sandy), medium
Ericaceae
1.8
Shrubs
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Vaccinium alaskaense
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Mountain Huckleberry Mountain Huckleberry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaccinium_membranaceum
Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
5-9
Shrubs
Thinleaf huckleberry, Mountain bilberry, Mountain huckleberry, Tall huckleberry, Twin-leafed huckleberry, Big whortleberry, Velvet-leaf huckleberry, Globe huckleberry, Thin leafed blueberry
light (sandy), medium
Ericaceae
1.0
Fruit
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Vaccinium membranaceum
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Black Huckleberry Black Huckleberry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaccinium_ovalifolium
Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
3-7
Shrubs
Oval-leaf blueberry
light (sandy), medium
Ericaceae
3.0
Fruit
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Vaccinium ovalifolium
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Evergreen Huckleberry Evergreen Huckleberry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaccinium_ovatum
Slow
Dry, Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
3-7
Shrubs
Florist's Huckleberry, Shot Huckleberry, Californian Huckleberry
light (sandy), medium
Ericaceae
2.5
Fruit
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Vaccinium ovatum
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Red Huckleberry Red Huckleberry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaccinium_parvifolium
Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
5-9
Shrubs
Red huckleberry, Red bilberry, Red whortleberry
light (sandy), medium
Ericaceae
1.8
Animal feed
Fruit
Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Vaccinium parvifolium
Vaccinium parvifolium, the red huckleberry, is a species of Vaccinium native to western North America, where it is common in forests from southeastern Alaska and British Columbia south through western Washington and Oregon to central California. In the Oregon Coast Range, it is the most common Vaccinium. It occurs mostly at low to middle elevations in soil enriched by decaying wood and on rotten logs, from sea level up to 1,820-metre (6,000 ft). It is a deciduous shrub growing to 4-metre (13 ft) tall with bright green shoots with an angular cross-section. The leaves are ovate to oblong-elliptic, 9-millimetre (0.35 in) to 30-millimetre (1.2 in) long, and 4-millimetre (0.16 in) to 16-millimetre (0.63 in) wide, with an entire margin. The flowers are yellow-white to pinkish-white with pink, decumbent bell-shaped 4-millimetre (0.16 in) to 5-millimetre (0.20 in) long. The fruit is an edible red to orange berry 6-millimetre (0.24 in) to 10-millimetre (0.39 in) in diameter. Show

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Buffalo Berry Buffalo Berry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shepherdia_canadensis
Medium
Dry, Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
2-6
Shrubs
Russet buffaloberry, Canada Buffaloberry, Soopolallie
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Elaeagnaceae
2.5
Fruit
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Shepherdia canadensis
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Sitka Alder Sitka Alder
Fast
Moist, Wet
full sun, partial sun/shade
2-9
Shrubs
medium, heavy (clay)
Betulaceae
4.0
Flowers
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Alnus sinuata
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