Permaculture companion plants for Corn

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Image Name Data Description Actions
Common bean Common bean
2-11
Annual
full sun
Moist
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
2.0
Vines
N-fixer
true
Leaves, Seed, Seedpod
seed - transplant, seed - direct sow
1 week after last frost, 12-14 weeks before first frost
2-4 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaseolus_vulgaris
pole bean, climbing bean, french bean, bush bean, dwarf bean, Kidney bean
Fabaceae, Leguminosae
Stangenbohne
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Phaseolus vulgaris
16-18°C (70-80°F)
6.0-6.8
Kentucky Wonder, Blue Lake, Great Northern White, Vermont Cranberry, Jacob’s Cattle
2.5cm
16cm
4-10 days
45-85
Fast
This entry describes all varieties of the common bean. This includes vining and bush/darf varities. The common bean is an annual plant and includes a lot of varieties with a different names depending on their style of growths (see alternate names). These include the kidney bean, the navy bean, the pinto bean, the french bean and the wax bean ### Links [Beans Seed Starting Tips @ Harvest to Table](https://harvesttotable.com/beans-seed-starting-tips/) ### Propagation - direct sow Direct-sow beans in spring after all danger of frost has passed and soil is at least 16°C (60°F). In warm-winter regions, sow beans in late summer for harvest in winter. Time sowing so that beans come to harvest before the first frost. Show

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Runner Bean Runner Bean
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaseolus_coccineus
Fast
Moist
full sun
1-12
Scarlet runner, Scarlet Runner Bean, Scarlet Conqueror, Fire Bean, Mammoth, Red Giant Phaseolus coccineus ssppolyanthus (Cache Bean)
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
3.0
Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed, Seedpod
Annual, Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Phaseolus coccineus
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Broad Bean Broad Bean
Leaves, Seed
4-8
Annual
full sun, partial sun/shade
Moist
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
seed - direct sow, seed - transplant
6 weeks after sowing them in pots
6 weeks after sowing them in pots
1.0
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vicia_faba
Fast
fava bean, faba bean, Broad bean, or faba bean Varieties with smaller, harder seeds that are fed to horses or other animals are called field bean, tic bean or tick bean Horse bean
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Ackerbohne
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Vicia faba major
20cm
Feb-April; Oct-Nov
21 days
sow in deep pots in cool, frost-free place
6.0-6.8
nitrogen-fixer
Easy-to-grow, cool-season crop whose green pods, or white or green beans make a great ingredient for soups, stews and salads. Grows best in temperatures ranging from 60° to 65°F (15-18°C) but will tolerate a range from 40°F (4.4°C) - 75°F (24°C). Can be grown in containers but need a lot of space. After harvest they can be frozen, canned or dried for storage. Show

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Cucumber Cucumber
Fruit, Leaves
Vines
9-11
Annual
full sun
Moist
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
seed - direct sow, seed - transplant
1 week after last frost
2-3 weeks before last frost
1 week after last frost date
2
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cucumber
Cucurbitaceae
Gurke
50-65
23cm
6.0-6.8
15-30°C (60-85°F)
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Cucumis sativus
true
fruit
Annual, self-fertile climber whose fruit is a popular ingredient for salads. #### Propagation Direct sow when soil is warm enough in early summer. Sow seeds individually indoors 3-4 weeks before planting outside into warm soil. Use bottom heat if possible. Transplant when plants develop third leaf. #### Medicinal Fruit is depurative, diuretic, emollient, purgative and resolvent #### Links [Cucumber @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/patio-snacker) Show

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Marjoram Marjoram
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marjoram
Dry, Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
6-9
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Lamiaceae or Labiatae
0.6
Majoran
Herbs
Leaves
Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Origanum majorana
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Parsnip Parsnip
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parsnip
Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
4-8
Wild parsnip
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
1.0
Pastinake
Roots
Leaves, Root, Seed
Weed potential
Biennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Pastinaca sativa
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Potato Potato
Root
3-10
Perennial
full sun
Moist
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
1.0
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potato
Irish potato, Andigena
Solanaceae
Kartoffel
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Solanum tuberosum
April
12 inches
seed - direct sow
Potatoes are one of the most popular root crops. They grow best at temperatures from 61 and 70 °F. Show

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Squash Squash
Flowers, Fruit, Leaves, Seed
Vines
2-11
Annual
full sun, partial sun/shade
Moist
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
seed - transplant
after last frost
0.6
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cucurbita_moschata
Fast
Crookneck squash
Cucurbitaceae
Kürbis
Oil
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Cucurbita moschata
boiled root is galactogogue, anthelmintic
5.5-5.9
sow seeds in pots in a greenhouse
2 weeks
An annual plant growing on the ground through vines. Fruits can get very large. Drains heavily nutrition and therefor needs good soil. Show

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Radish Radish
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radish
Fast
Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
2-11
Cultivated radish
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Brassicaceae or Cruciferae
0.5
Rettich
Roots
Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed, Seedpod
Oil
Weed potential
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Raphanus sativus
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Pumpkin / Zucchini Pumpkin / Zucchini
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cucurbita_pepo
Fast
Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
2-11
Vines
Courgette, Field pumpkin, Ozark melon, Texas gourd
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Cucurbitaceae
0.6
Flowers, Fruit, Leaves, Root, Seed
Oil
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Cucurbita pepo
There are many varieties of this species. For example Delicata squash is a variety of winter squash with cream-coloured cylindrical fruits striped in green or orange that are cooked. Show

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Pea Pea
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pea
Moist
full sun
light (sandy), medium
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
2.0
Erbse
Vines
3-9
Leaves, Seed
Annual
N-fixer
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Pisum sativum
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Kale Kale
5-10
Biennial, Perennial
full sun, partial sun/shade
Moist
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
0.9
Herbs
true
Leaves
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kale
Brassicaceae, Cruciferae
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Brassica oleracea acephala
Kale (/keɪl/), or leaf cabbage, belongs to a group of cabbage (Brassica oleracea) cultivars grown for their edible leaves, although some are used as ornamentals. Kale plants have green or purple leaves, and the central leaves do not form a head (as with headed cabbage). Kales are considered to be closer to wild cabbage than most of the many domesticated forms of Brassica oleracea. Show

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Cucamelon Cucamelon
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melothria_scabra
Cucamelon, Mexikanische Mini-Gurke
Vines
full sun
60-70
23cm
6.5-7.0
15-30°C (60-85°F)
Mouse melon
at last frost
3-4 weeks before last frost
Annual
seed - direct sow, seed - transplant
1 week after last frost
Corn, Sunflowers and any other high growing plant, can act as a trellis. #### Propagation Direct sow when soil temperatures reach 15°C (60°F). Plant inside 3-4 weeks before planting outside, and use bottom-heat to help germination. Transplant when plant develop their third true leaf. #### Links [Cucamelon @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/cucamelon) Show

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