Permaculture companion plants for Corn

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Image Name Data Description Actions
Common bean Common bean
2-11
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
2.0
Vines
N-fixer
True
Leaves, Seed, Seedpod
Seed - transplant, Seed - direct sow
1 week after last frost, 12-14 weeks before first frost
2-4 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaseolus_vulgaris
Pole bean, Climbing bean, French bean, Bush bean, Dwarf bean, Kidney bean
Fabaceae, Leguminosae
Stangenbohne
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Phaseolus vulgaris
16-18°c (70-80°f)
6.0-6.8
Kentucky wonder, Blue lake, Great northern white, Vermont cranberry, Jacob’s cattle
2.5cm
16cm
4-10 days
45-85
Fast
This entry describes all varieties of the common bean. This includes vining and bush/darf varities. The common bean is an annual plant and includes a lot of varieties with a different names depending on their style of growths (see alternate names). These include the kidney bean, the navy bean, the pinto bean, the french bean and the wax bean ### Links [Beans Seed Starting Tips @ Harvest to Table](https://harvesttotable.com/beans-seed-starting-tips/) ### Propagation - direct sow Direct-sow beans in spring after all danger of frost has passed and soil is at least 16°C (60°F). In warm-winter regions, sow beans in late summer for harvest in winter. Time sowing so that beans come to harvest before the first frost. Show

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Runner Bean Runner Bean
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/phaseolus_coccineus
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun
1-12
Scarlet runner, Scarlet runner bean, Scarlet conqueror, Fire bean, Mammoth, Red giant phaseolus coccineus ssppolyanthus (cache bean)
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Fabaceae or leguminosae
3.0
Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed, Seedpod
Annual, Perennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=phaseolus coccineus
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Broad Bean Broad Bean
Leaves, Seed
4-8
Annual
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
6 weeks after sowing them in pots
6 weeks after sowing them in pots
1.0
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vicia_faba
Fast
Fava bean, Faba bean, Broad bean, Or faba bean varieties with smaller, Harder seeds that are fed to horses or other animals are called field bean, Tic bean or tick bean horse bean
Fabaceae or leguminosae
Ackerbohne
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Vicia faba major
20cm
Feb-april; oct-nov
21 days
Sow in deep pots in cool, Frost-free place
6.0-6.8
Nitrogen-fixer
Easy-to-grow, cool-season crop whose green pods, or white or green beans make a great ingredient for soups, stews and salads. Grows best in temperatures ranging from 60° to 65°F (15-18°C) but will tolerate a range from 40°F (4.4°C) - 75°F (24°C). Can be grown in containers but need a lot of space. After harvest they can be frozen, canned or dried for storage. Show

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Cucumber Cucumber
9-11
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
2
Vines
Fruit, Leaves
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
1 week after last frost
2-3 weeks before last frost
1 week after last frost date
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cucumber
Cucurbitaceae
Gurke
50-65
23cm
6.0-6.8
15-30°c (60-85°f)
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Cucumis sativus
True
Fruit
Annual, self-fertile climber whose fruit is a popular ingredient for salads. The plant will develop male and female flowers. You can recognize the female by having a tiny cucumber underneath. Sometimes the plant develops a lot of male flowers first, so be patient. If you don’t see any bees pollinating. Take a male and put it on all the female flowers. #### Propagation Direct sow when soil is warm enough in early summer. Sow seeds individually indoors 3-4 weeks before planting outside into warm soil. Use bottom heat if possible. Transplant when plants develop third leaf. #### Medicinal Fruit is depurative, diuretic, emollient, purgative and resolvent #### Links [Cucumber @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/patio-snacker) Show

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Marjoram Marjoram
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/marjoram
True
Dry, Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
6-9
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Lamiaceae or labiatae
0.6
Majoran
Herbs
Leaves
Perennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=origanum majorana
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Parsnip Parsnip
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/parsnip
True
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
4-8
Wild parsnip
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
1.0
Pastinake
Roots
Leaves, Root, Seed
Weed potential
Biennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=pastinaca sativa
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Potato Potato
Root
3-10
Perennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
1.0
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potato
Irish potato, Andigena
Solanaceae
Kartoffel
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Solanum tuberosum
April
12 inches
Seed - direct sow
Potatoes are one of the most popular root crops. They grow best at temperatures from 61 and 70 °F. Show

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Squash Squash
Flowers, Fruit, Leaves, Seed
Vines
2-11
Annual
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Seed - transplant
After last frost
0.6
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cucurbita_moschata
Fast
Crookneck squash
Cucurbitaceae
Kürbis
Oil
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Cucurbita moschata
Boiled root is galactogogue, Anthelmintic
5.5-5.9
Sow seeds in pots in a greenhouse
2 weeks
An annual plant growing on the ground through vines. Fruits can get very large. Drains heavily nutrition and therefor needs good soil. Show

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Radish Radish
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/radish
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
2-11
Cultivated radish
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Brassicaceae or cruciferae
0.5
Rettich
Roots
Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed, Seedpod
Oil
Weed potential
Annual
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=raphanus sativus
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Pumpkin / Zucchini Pumpkin / Zucchini
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/cucurbita_pepo
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
2-11
Vines
Courgette, Field pumpkin, Ozark melon, Texas gourd
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Cucurbitaceae
0.6
Flowers, Fruit, Leaves, Root, Seed
Oil
Annual
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=cucurbita pepo
There are many varieties of this species. For example Delicata squash is a variety of winter squash with cream-coloured cylindrical fruits striped in green or orange that are cooked. Show

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Pea Pea
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/pea
True
Moist
Full sun
Light (sandy), Medium
Fabaceae or leguminosae
2.0
Erbse
Vines
3-9
Leaves, Seed
Annual
N-fixer
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=pisum sativum
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Kale Kale
5-10
Biennial, Perennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Deciduous
0.9
Herbs
True
Leaves
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
At last frost date
4-6 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kale
Brassicaceae, Cruciferae
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Brassica oleracea acephala
6.0-6.8
Shallow
45cm
7-10 days
0.5cm
True
Fast
2 months
Curly, Lacinto, Red russian, Chinese, Redbor, Scotch, Siberian
Kale (/keɪl/), or leaf cabbage, belongs to a group of cabbage (Brassica oleracea) cultivars grown for their edible leaves, although some are used as ornamentals. Kale plants have green or purple leaves, and the central leaves do not form a head (as with headed cabbage). Kales are considered to be closer to wild cabbage than most of the many domesticated forms of Brassica oleracea. ### Links [Kale @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/blogs/how-to-grow/grow-kale-collards) Show

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Cucamelon Cucamelon
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melothria_scabra
Cucamelon, Mexikanische mini-gurke
Vines
Full sun
60-70
23cm
6.5-7.0
15-30°c (60-85°f)
Mouse melon
At last frost
3-4 weeks before last frost
Annual
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
1 week after last frost
Corn, Sunflowers and any other high growing plant, can act as a trellis. #### Propagation Direct sow when soil temperatures reach 15°C (60°F). Plant inside 3-4 weeks before planting outside, and use bottom-heat to help germination. Transplant when plant develop their third true leaf. #### Links [Cucamelon @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/cucamelon) Show

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Jerusalem artichoke Jerusalem artichoke
4-8
Perennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Dry, Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
1.5-3.0m
Roots
True
Root
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerusalem_artichoke
Fast
Asteraceae or compositae
Topinambur
Sunchoke, French potato, Canada potato, Topinambour, Lambchoke
Weed potential
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Helianthus tuberosus
North america
4.5-8.2
Deciduous
Fibrous
120-150days
12-18 inches (30-45cm), Rows 36 inches (91cm)
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant, Division
Early spring or late fall
Yes
Animal feed, Attracts insects
Also goes by the name "sunchoke". This plant is a fast grower, bees love it, and it's edible rhizomes tastes like a nutty potato. Be conscious of where you plant it, because removal is next to impossible. If even a small section of rhizome is left in the ground, it will grow into a whole new plant. The tubers is a good replacement diet for the potato for people with diabetes. # Propagation While growing from seed is possible, it is much harder and yields happen to be smaller. Show

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Turnip Turnip
7-11
Biennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
0.5
True
Leaves, Root
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brassica_rapa
Brassicaceae or cruciferae
Speiserübe, Mairübe
Weed potential
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Brassica rapa
Bok choy, Bomdong, Field mustard, Napa cabbage, Komatsuna, Tatsoi, Turnip, Yellow sarson
6.0-7.5
Cross-pollination
45-80
7-29°c
4-7 days
16cm
Flea beatles, Cutworms, Root maggots, Cabbage loopers, Cabbageworms, Cabbage aphids, Slugs, Snails, Nematodes
Black leg, Black rot, Turnip mosaic virus
Brassica rapa is a plant species growing in various widely cultivated forms including the turnip (a root vegetable); napa cabbage, bomdong, bok choy, and rapini; and Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera, an oilseed which has many common names, including turnip rape, field mustard, bird rape, and keblock. The oil made from the seed is sometimes also called canola or colza. Cultivated in Europe for over 4000 years, probably native to central and southern Europe, now spread throughout world, including most parts of the tropics. ### Links [Brassica rapa @ Purdue Horticulture](https://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Brassica_rapa.html) [Brassica rapa @ Cornell Gardening](http://www.gardening.cornell.edu/homegardening/scene0f7d.html) Show

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