Permaculture companion plants for Onion

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Image Name Data Description Actions
Beet Beet
4-8
Biennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Deciduous
0.9
True
Leaves, Root
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
2-3 weeks before last frost, 6-8 weeks before the first frost
6-8 weeks before last frost
2 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/beta_vulgaris
Chenopodiaceae
Rübe
https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=beta vulgaris craca
6.0-6.8
10°c (50°f)
5-12 days
1.5 cm
20cm
45-65
Detroit dark red, Early wonder, Burpee’s golden, Bulls’s blood, Cylindra, Little ball, Chioggia, Lutz green leaf
### Links [How to Grow Beets @ Harvest to Table](https://harvesttotable.com/how_to_grow_beets/) Show

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Carrot Carrot
Leaves, Root
3-10
Biennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
1.2
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
Möhre, Karotte
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Daucus carota sativus
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Chard Chard
True
Moist
Full sun
4-8
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Chenopodiaceae
0.9
Swiss chard, Silver beet, Perpetual spinach, Beet spinach, Seakale beet, Leaf beet
Mangold, Krautstiel
Leaves, Stem
Biennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=beta vulgaris cicla
Leaf vegetable. Leaves and stalks are edible. Closely related to the beet. Show

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Tomato Tomato
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomato
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun
10-12
Garden tomato, Dumádu, Garden tomato, Love apple, Lycopersicum esculentum, Tomate, Tomato, Tomato extract containing lycopene, Tomato|thakkali, Tumatis, Lycopersicon esculentum
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Solanaceae
2.0
Tomate
Fruit, Seed
Oil
Annual, Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Solanum lycopersicum, https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Lycopersicon esculentum
Start seeds indoors 5-6 weeks before last frost
In containers or in rows in beds around last frost date
6.2-6.8
70-80°f
An easy-growing, humus-loving vegetable plant that is mostly grown for its fruits that can be eaten fresh, cooked or dried in salads and various dishes. A great number of varieties have been cultivated. Indeterminate tomato plants are perennials in their native habitat, but are cultivated as annuals. Determinate, or bush, plants are annuals that stop growing at a certain height and produce a crop all at once. Lycopersicon esculentum is a synonym of this plant. Show

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Garlic Garlic
3-10
Perennial
Full sun
Dry, Moist
Light (sandy), Medium
0.6
Herbs
Bulb, Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed
Seed - direct sow
Late autumn (sept.-nov.) or early spring
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garlic
Cultivated garlic
Alliaceae
Knoblauch
20cm
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Allium sativum
6.5-7.0
Sting and itch relief from insect bites
Fibrous
Shallow
100-150days
Garlic is a perennial flowering plant growing from a bulb. It is pollinated by bees, butterflies, moths, and other insects. Mulch for proper overwintering when planted in autumn. To harvest dig and do not pull out the bulbs. Let them dry in an airy, shady and dry spot e.g. by hanging them up. Once wrappers are dry, it can be stored at a dry place. Show

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Broccoli Broccoli
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
2-11
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Brassicaceae or cruciferae
0.9
Brokkoli
Flowers, Leaves
Annual, Biennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Brassica oleracea italica
50-100
45cm
6.0-7.0
7-10 days
4°c (40°f)
6-8 weeks before last frost
Annual green vegetable plant. Head and stalk is edible. ### Propagation - Direct sow Sow seeds 7cm apart, thin when seedlings reach 5-7cm in height. ### Propagation - Transplant Start seeds 6-8 weeks before your last frost date, or 2-3 weeks before last frost date. Plant outside when seedlings are 4-6 weeks old, or have 4-5 leaves. #### Links [Broccoli @ Almanac](https://www.almanac.com/plant/broccoli) Show

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Cucumber Cucumber
9-11
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
2
Vines
Fruit, Leaves
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
1 week after last frost
2-3 weeks before last frost
1 week after last frost date
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cucumber
Cucurbitaceae
Gurke
50-65
23cm
6.0-6.8
15-30°c (60-85°f)
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Cucumis sativus
True
Fruit
Annual, self-fertile climber whose fruit is a popular ingredient for salads. The plant will develop male and female flowers. You can recognize the female by having a tiny cucumber underneath. Sometimes the plant develops a lot of male flowers first, so be patient. If you don’t see any bees pollinating. Take a male and put it on all the female flowers. #### Propagation Direct sow when soil is warm enough in early summer. Sow seeds individually indoors 3-4 weeks before planting outside into warm soil. Use bottom heat if possible. Transplant when plants develop third leaf. #### Medicinal Fruit is depurative, diuretic, emollient, purgative and resolvent #### Links [Cucumber @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/patio-snacker) Show

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Bell pepper Bell pepper
True
Medium
Moist
Full sun
10-11
Cayenne pepper, Chili pepper, Christmas pepper, Red pepper, Ornamental chili pepper
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Solanaceae
1.0
Paprika, Gemüsepaprika
Flowers, Fruit, Leaves
Perennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=capsicum annuum
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Jalapeño Chili Jalapeño Chili
Jalapeño
Annual
Can be eaten green. Show

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Habanero Habanero The habanero is a hot variety of chili pepper. Unripe habaneros are green, and they color as they mature. The most common color variants are orange and red, but the fruit may also be white, brown, yellow, green, or purple. Typically, a ripe habanero is 2–6 cm (0.8–2.4 in) long. Habanero chilis are very hot, rated 100,000–350,000 on the Scoville scale. The habanero's heat, flavor and floral aroma make it a popular ingredient in hot sauces and other spicy foods. Show

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Rose Rose
True
Shrubs
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
2
True
Animal feed, Attracts insects, Hedgerow, Wind breaker
Fruit
Perennial
Deciduous
True
Show

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Lettuce Lettuce
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/lettuce
True
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
5-9
Garden lettuce
Light (sandy), Medium
Asteraceae or compositae
0.9
Blattsalat
Herbs
Leaves, Seed
Oil
Annual, Biennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=lactuca sativa
Show

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Marjoram Marjoram
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/marjoram
True
Dry, Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
6-9
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Lamiaceae or labiatae
0.6
Majoran
Herbs
Leaves
Perennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=origanum majorana
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Parsley Parsley
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/parsley
True
Medium
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
0.6
Petersilie
Herbs
5-8
Leaves
Biennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=petroselinum crispum
#### Links [Parsley @ Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parsley) Show

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Parsnip Parsnip
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/parsnip
True
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
4-8
Wild parsnip
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
1.0
Pastinake
Roots
Leaves, Root, Seed
Weed potential
Biennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=pastinaca sativa
Show

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Passion fruit Passion fruit
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/passiflora_edulis
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun
9-12
Vines
Purple granadilla, Passion fruit, Granadilla, Aul aanp, Bai xiang guo, Buah negeri, Buah susu, Garendal, Granadiglia, Granadilho, Grenadille, Ji dan guo, Kudamonotokeiso, Liliko'i, Linmangkon, Louki, Magalendendele, Maracuja-roxo, Maracuya, Markisa, Maseche, Matunda, Munchi, Obutunda, Pasionaria, Purpurgrenadille, Qaranidila, Sawarot, Soh-brap, Tikeiso, Common passionfruit, Fleur de la passion, Flor de la pasión, Granadiglia incarnata, Granadilla, Grenadella, Kalala, Maracayú, Maracujá, Maracujá azedo, Maracujá-comum, Maracujá-de-comer, Maracujá-de-ponche, Maracujá-do-mato, Maracujá-doce, Maracujá-mirim, Maracujá-peroba, Maracujá-preto, Maracujá-redondo, Maracuya, Pasiflora, Passiflora, Passiflorae acetum folium, Passiflore, Passion flower, Passion fruit, Passion fruit|wel dodam, Passionsblume, Passionsfrukt, Purple granadilla, Purple passionflower
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Passifloraceae
9.0
Oil
Weed potential
Fruit
Perennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=passiflora edulis
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Potato Potato
Root
3-10
Perennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
1.0
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potato
Irish potato, Andigena
Solanaceae
Kartoffel
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Solanum tuberosum
April
12 inches
Seed - direct sow
Potatoes are one of the most popular root crops. They grow best at temperatures from 61 and 70 °F. Show

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Strawberry Strawberry
4-8
Perennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
0.3
Herbs
Ground cover
True
Fruit, Leaves
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strawberry
Rosaceae
Erdbeere
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Fragaria x ananassa
Perennial plant which is mostly grown annually. Show

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Winter Savory Winter Savory
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/winter_savory
True
Medium
Dry, Moist
Full sun
6-11
Shrubs
Light (sandy), Medium
Lamiaceae or labiatae
0.4
Bohnenkraut, Winterbohnenkraut, Bergbohnenkraut
Leaves
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=satureja montana
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Summer savory Summer savory
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/summer_savory
True
Dry, Moist
Full sun
5-9
Light (sandy), Medium
Lamiaceae
0.3
Bohnenkraut, Gartenbohnenkraut
Leaves
Annual
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=satureja hortensis
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Kale Kale
5-10
Biennial, Perennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Deciduous
0.9
Herbs
True
Leaves
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
At last frost date
4-6 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kale
Brassicaceae, Cruciferae
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Brassica oleracea acephala
6.0-6.8
Shallow
45cm
7-10 days
0.5cm
True
Fast
2 months
Curly, Lacinto, Red russian, Chinese, Redbor, Scotch, Siberian
Kale (/keɪl/), or leaf cabbage, belongs to a group of cabbage (Brassica oleracea) cultivars grown for their edible leaves, although some are used as ornamentals. Kale plants have green or purple leaves, and the central leaves do not form a head (as with headed cabbage). Kales are considered to be closer to wild cabbage than most of the many domesticated forms of Brassica oleracea. ### Links [Kale @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/blogs/how-to-grow/grow-kale-collards) Show

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Dill Dill
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/dill
True
Medium
Moist
Full sun
2-11
Light (sandy), Medium
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
0.8
Herbs
Dill
Leaves, Seed
Annual
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=anethum graveolens
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Marigold Marigold
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calendula_officinalis
Medium
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
2-11
Pot marigold, Common marigold, Scotch marigold, Ruddles
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Asteraceae or compositae
0.6
Ringelblume
Flowers, Leaves, Seed
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Calendula officinalis
21°c (70°f)
6-14 days
5.5-7.0
15cm
60
Repels nematodes
### Propagation - Direct sow Direct sow in spring when light frost is still possible. Can be sown until early summer for fall blooms. ### Propagation - Transplant Sow indoors in late winter, transplant outside when risk of heavy frost has passed. #### Links [Calendula @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/zeolights-organic) Show

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Nana spearmint Nana spearmint
Nana-minze
Show

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Chamomile Chamomile
Herbs
5-9
Annual
Full sun
Dry, Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
At last frost date
0.5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matricaria_chamomilla
Asteraceae or compositae
Kamille
Matricaria recutita - l., German chamomile, Wild chamomile
Direct sow in autumn or shortly before latest date of frost
Start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date
1 week
One species of the daisy family often used for herbal-infused chamomile tea. Can be used fresh or dried. Native to southern and eastern Europe and western Asia. Need light to germinate. #### Links [Chamomile @ Plants For A Future](https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Matricaria recutita) Show

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Cucamelon Cucamelon
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melothria_scabra
Cucamelon, Mexikanische mini-gurke
Vines
Full sun
60-70
23cm
6.5-7.0
15-30°c (60-85°f)
Mouse melon
At last frost
3-4 weeks before last frost
Annual
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
1 week after last frost
Corn, Sunflowers and any other high growing plant, can act as a trellis. #### Propagation Direct sow when soil temperatures reach 15°C (60°F). Plant inside 3-4 weeks before planting outside, and use bottom-heat to help germination. Transplant when plant develop their third true leaf. #### Links [Cucamelon @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/cucamelon) Show

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Leek Leek
Bulb, Flowers, Leaves, Root
Pest control: repels carrot rust flies
Herbs
5-9
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium
Seed - transplant
May - july
0.9
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leek
Garden leek
Alliaceae, Liliaceae
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Allium porrum
Sow indoors in containers from feb., Transplant early summer
15cm
Feb. - april
6.0-6.5
< 65°f
Easy to grow winter vegetable. Usually sown in containers or seed beds first and then moved to their final place a few months later. Show

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Rocket Rocket
Flowers, Leaves
6-9
Annual
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Dry, Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
0.6
Fast
Brassicaceae or cruciferae
Oil
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Eruca vesicaria sativa
In spring
25°c
1-3 days
Start indoors in pots at a depth
Easily and fast-growing green with strong flavor. It is great for salads or as topping of your pizza. It likes to grow along tracks, on waste grounds or stony places. Leaves can be harvested after 3-6 weeks. Seeds ripen from July to September and can be saved. Show

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