Permaculture companion plants for Kale

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Image Name Data Description Actions
Beet Beet
4-8
Biennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Deciduous
0.9
True
Leaves, Root
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
2-3 weeks before last frost, 6-8 weeks before the first frost
6-8 weeks before last frost
2 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/beta_vulgaris
Chenopodiaceae
Rübe
https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=beta vulgaris craca
6.0-6.8
10°c (50°f)
5-12 days
1.5 cm
20cm
45-65
Detroit dark red, Early wonder, Burpee’s golden, Bulls’s blood, Cylindra, Little ball, Chioggia, Lutz green leaf
### Links [How to Grow Beets @ Harvest to Table](https://harvesttotable.com/how_to_grow_beets/) Show

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Onion Onion
Bulb, Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed
Herbs
3-9
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
Spring or fall
0.6
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onion
Garden onion
Alliaceae
Zwiebel
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Allium cepa
50°f, 10°c
Seed indoors 6 weeks before transplanting in the garden
2-6 inches
6.0-7.0
While the Onion is a biennial/ perennial plant, it is mostly grown annually for it's edible leaves and bulbs. Shallot is a popular and well-known variety Can be grown from seeds or sets. Show

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Potato Potato
Root
3-10
Perennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
1.0
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potato
Irish potato, Andigena
Solanaceae
Kartoffel
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Solanum tuberosum
April
12 inches
Seed - direct sow
Potatoes are one of the most popular root crops. They grow best at temperatures from 61 and 70 °F. Show

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Corn Corn
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun
2-11
Maize, Corn, Abado, Able, Aburow, Agbado, Awasi, Awi, Bara-jowar, Bhutta, Blefo, Bli, Buta, Chujak, Goinjol, Gomdhan, Igbado, Jagung, Janar, Jonar, Junri, Kaaba, Keto, Kolkoti, Kon, Kono, Kukri, Maka, Makai, Makka jonnalu, Makka-cholam, Makka, Makkai, Makkari, Makoi, Masara agwado, Massara, Mekkejola, Milho, Mokka-janna, Musukojola, Naham, Nyo, Oka, Oksusu, Shaa, Sil ni vavalagi, Ta-mank, Yu shu shu, Ai, Amylum maydis, Awási, Aya, Corn oi, 6 corn oil (unhydrogenated), Corn silk, Corn starch, Corn syrup solids, Corn|iringu, Dent corn, Dura shami, Field corn, Flint corn, Gangnaengi, Granoturco, Indian corn, Maidis stigma, Mais, Maiz, Aceite, Maize oil, Refined, Maize starch, Majs, Maydis amylum, Maydis oleum raffinatum, Maydis stigma, Maíz, Aceite refinado, Maîs, Maïs, Ogsusu, Oleum maydis, Pelos de elafe, Pod corn, Popcorn, Refined maize oil, Risoy genime sami, Stigmata maidis, Styli cum stigmatis zeae maydis, Sweet corn, Topical starch, To-morokoshi, Yu mi shu, Yu mi xu, Zein, Zorrat
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Poaceae or gramineae
2
Mais
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/maize
Pollen, Seed, Stem
Oil
Annual
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=zea mays
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Common Wheat Common Wheat
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/common_wheat
True
Moist
Full sun
10-12
Common wheat, Ble, Frumento, Gahum, Gahun, Gahung, Gam, Gandham, Gandum, Gawn, Gehun, Gendum, Ghavum, Giun, Godamba, Godhi, Godhuma, Godumai, Godumbayarisi, Gom, Goodhumalu, Govum, Kanak, Kotanpam, Saatweizen, Tirigu, Trigo, Xaio mai, Aabguwan, Amylum tritici, Blé, Blé ordinaire, Bread wheat, Common wheat, Dinkel, Dinkel wheat, Escanda, Escaña, Espelta, Farro, Froment, Fructus tritici levis, Frumento, Frumento tenero, Fu xiao mai, Fuxiaomai, Gam, Gandum, Gehun, Godhuma, Godumai, Godumulu, Hantha, Hulled wheat, Komugi, Light wheat grain, Mil, Nishasta-e-gandum, Pivla-potia, Refined wheat-germ oil, Saatweizen, Spelt, Spelt wheat, Speltvete, Spelz, Trigo, Trigo blando, Trigo candeal, Tritici aestivi oleum raffinatum, Tritici aestivi oleum virginale, Tritici amylum, Tritici levis fructus, Tritici levis semen, Vete, Virgin wheat-germ oil, Weizen, Wheat, Wheat bran, Wheat starch, Wheat-germ oil, Refined, Virgin, Xiao mai, Épeautre
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Poaceae or gramineae
1.5
Weizen
Grass
Seed
Annual
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=triticum aestivum
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Runner Bean Runner Bean
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/phaseolus_coccineus
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun
1-12
Scarlet runner, Scarlet runner bean, Scarlet conqueror, Fire bean, Mammoth, Red giant phaseolus coccineus ssppolyanthus (cache bean)
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Fabaceae or leguminosae
3.0
Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed, Seedpod
Annual, Perennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=phaseolus coccineus
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Broad Bean Broad Bean
Leaves, Seed
4-8
Annual
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
6 weeks after sowing them in pots
6 weeks after sowing them in pots
1.0
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vicia_faba
Fast
Fava bean, Faba bean, Broad bean, Or faba bean varieties with smaller, Harder seeds that are fed to horses or other animals are called field bean, Tic bean or tick bean horse bean
Fabaceae or leguminosae
Ackerbohne
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Vicia faba major
20cm
Feb-april; oct-nov
21 days
Sow in deep pots in cool, Frost-free place
6.0-6.8
Nitrogen-fixer
Easy-to-grow, cool-season crop whose green pods, or white or green beans make a great ingredient for soups, stews and salads. Grows best in temperatures ranging from 60° to 65°F (15-18°C) but will tolerate a range from 40°F (4.4°C) - 75°F (24°C). Can be grown in containers but need a lot of space. After harvest they can be frozen, canned or dried for storage. Show

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Spinach Spinach
Leaves, Seed
Herbs
4-8
Annual
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
0.3
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinach
Fast
Chenopodiaceae
Spinat
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Spinacia oleracea
Carminative, Laxative, Hypoglycaemic; against inflammation
From march to june; aug to sep
2 weeks
Start seeds indoors 8 weeks prior to last frost date
3 weeks prior to last frost date
Easy-to-grow, cool-weather, leafy vegetable, probably native to western Asia Successional sowing once per month/every two weeks is recommended for continuous supply. Show

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Celery Celery
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/celery
True
Moist
Partial sun/shade
5-9
Ajwain-ka-patta (indian)
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
0.6
Sellerie
Herbs
Leaves, Root, Seed
Annual, Biennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=apium graveolens
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Marigold Marigold
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calendula_officinalis
Medium
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
2-11
Pot marigold, Common marigold, Scotch marigold, Ruddles
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Asteraceae or compositae
0.6
Ringelblume
Flowers, Leaves, Seed
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Calendula officinalis
21°c (70°f)
6-14 days
5.5-7.0
15cm
60
Repels nematodes
### Propagation - Direct sow Direct sow in spring when light frost is still possible. Can be sown until early summer for fall blooms. ### Propagation - Transplant Sow indoors in late winter, transplant outside when risk of heavy frost has passed. #### Links [Calendula @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/zeolights-organic) Show

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Borage Borage
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borage
Medium
Dry, Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
6-9
Common borage, Cool-tankard, Tailwort, Starflower
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Boraginaceae
0.6
Borretsch
60cm
5-15 days
At last frost
21°c (70°f)
Oil
Flowers, Leaves
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Borago officinalis
Seed - direct sow
#### Propagation Direct sow early spring when temperatures reach 21°C (70°F). Best sown directly, as borage develops a delicate taproot. #### Links [Borage @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/borage) Show

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Tomato Tomato
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomato
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun
10-12
Garden tomato, Dumádu, Garden tomato, Love apple, Lycopersicum esculentum, Tomate, Tomato, Tomato extract containing lycopene, Tomato|thakkali, Tumatis, Lycopersicon esculentum
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Solanaceae
2.0
Tomate
Fruit, Seed
Oil
Annual, Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Solanum lycopersicum, https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Lycopersicon esculentum
Start seeds indoors 5-6 weeks before last frost
In containers or in rows in beds around last frost date
6.2-6.8
70-80°f
An easy-growing, humus-loving vegetable plant that is mostly grown for its fruits that can be eaten fresh, cooked or dried in salads and various dishes. A great number of varieties have been cultivated. Indeterminate tomato plants are perennials in their native habitat, but are cultivated as annuals. Determinate, or bush, plants are annuals that stop growing at a certain height and produce a crop all at once. Lycopersicon esculentum is a synonym of this plant. Show

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Common bean Common bean
2-11
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
2.0
Vines
N-fixer
True
Leaves, Seed, Seedpod
Seed - transplant, Seed - direct sow
1 week after last frost, 12-14 weeks before first frost
2-4 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaseolus_vulgaris
Pole bean, Climbing bean, French bean, Bush bean, Dwarf bean, Kidney bean
Fabaceae, Leguminosae
Stangenbohne
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Phaseolus vulgaris
16-18°c (70-80°f)
6.0-6.8
Kentucky wonder, Blue lake, Great northern white, Vermont cranberry, Jacob’s cattle
2.5cm
16cm
4-10 days
45-85
Fast
This entry describes all varieties of the common bean. This includes vining and bush/darf varities. The common bean is an annual plant and includes a lot of varieties with a different names depending on their style of growths (see alternate names). These include the kidney bean, the navy bean, the pinto bean, the french bean and the wax bean ### Links [Beans Seed Starting Tips @ Harvest to Table](https://harvesttotable.com/beans-seed-starting-tips/) ### Propagation - direct sow Direct-sow beans in spring after all danger of frost has passed and soil is at least 16°C (60°F). In warm-winter regions, sow beans in late summer for harvest in winter. Time sowing so that beans come to harvest before the first frost. Show

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Thyme Thyme
5-11
Perennial
Full sun
Dry, Moist
Light (sandy), Medium
Evergreen
0.1-0.3m
Herbs
True
Flowers, Leaves
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thymus_vulgaris
Medium
Garden thyme, Wild thyme, Samon-phyu, Timo, Tomillo, Thym, Common thyme, German thyme, Thyme
Lamiaceae or labiatae
Thymian
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Thymus vulgaris
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Chamomile Chamomile
Herbs
5-9
Annual
Full sun
Dry, Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
At last frost date
0.5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matricaria_chamomilla
Asteraceae or compositae
Kamille
Matricaria recutita - l., German chamomile, Wild chamomile
Direct sow in autumn or shortly before latest date of frost
Start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date
1 week
One species of the daisy family often used for herbal-infused chamomile tea. Can be used fresh or dried. Native to southern and eastern Europe and western Asia. Need light to germinate. #### Links [Chamomile @ Plants For A Future](https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Matricaria recutita) Show

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