White Spruce

Picea glauca


The White Spruce is a coniferous tree native to North America, specifically in the northern United States and Canada. It typically grows to be 50-80 feet tall, with a pyramid-like shape and a narrowly conical crown. The bark is gray and scaly, and the leaves are needles that are blue-green in color and measure about 1-3 inches long. The tree produces cones that are about 3-6 inches long and have a pointed tip.

In terms of growing conditions, the White Spruce prefers full sun and well-drained soil. It is adaptable to a range of soil types, but it does not do well in wet or poorly drained soil. It is also winter hardy and can tolerate cold temperatures.

In terms of its uses, the White Spruce is commonly used as a Christmas tree and for timber production. The wood is strong and durable, and is used for a variety of purposes, including construction, furniture-making, and paper production. The tree is also used in landscaping and can provide wind protection and shelter for wildlife.

In terms of its value for wildlife, the White Spruce provides habitat and food for a variety of animals, including birds and small mammals. The seeds are an important food source for birds and small mammals, and the tree provides shelter and nesting sites for many species of birds.


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