Permaculture companion plants for Potato

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Image Name Data Description Actions
Common bean Common bean
2-11
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
2.0
Vines
N-fixer
True
Leaves, Seed, Seedpod
Seed - transplant, Seed - direct sow
1 week after last frost, 12-14 weeks before first frost
2-4 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaseolus_vulgaris
Pole bean, Climbing bean, French bean, Bush bean, Dwarf bean, Kidney bean, Green bean
Fabaceae, Leguminosae
Stangenbohne
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Phaseolus vulgaris
16-18°c (70-80°f)
6.0-6.8
2.5cm
16cm
4-10 days
45-85
Fast
Sperzieboon
This entry describes all varieties of the common bean. This includes vining and bush/darf varities. The common bean is an annual plant and includes a lot of varieties with a different names depending on their style of growths (see alternate names). These include the kidney bean, the navy bean, the pinto bean, the french bean and the wax bean ### Links [Beans Seed Starting Tips @ Harvest to Table](https://harvesttotable.com/beans-seed-starting-tips/) ### Propagation - direct sow Direct-sow beans in spring after all danger of frost has passed and soil is at least 16°C (60°F). In warm-winter regions, sow beans in late summer for harvest in winter. Time sowing so that beans come to harvest before the first frost. Show

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Runner Bean Runner Bean
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaseolus_coccineus
true
Fast
Moist
Full sun
1-12
Scarlet runner, scarlet runner bean, scarlet conqueror, fire bean, mammoth, red giant phaseolus coccineus ssppolyanthus (cache bean)
Light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Fabaceae or leguminosae
3.0
Flowers, leaves, root, seed, seedpod
Annual, perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Phaseolus coccineus
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Broad Bean Broad Bean
Leaves, Seed
4-8
Annual
full sun, partial sun/shade
Moist
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
seed - direct sow, seed - transplant
6 weeks after sowing them in pots
6 weeks after sowing them in pots
1.0
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vicia_faba
Fast
fava bean, faba bean, Broad bean, or faba bean Varieties with smaller, harder seeds that are fed to horses or other animals are called field bean, tic bean or tick bean Horse bean
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Ackerbohne
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Vicia faba major
20cm
Feb-April; Oct-Nov
21 days
sow in deep pots in cool, frost-free place
6.0-6.8
nitrogen-fixer
Easy-to-grow, cool-season crop whose green pods, or white or green beans make a great ingredient for soups, stews and salads. Grows best in temperatures ranging from 60° to 65°F (15-18°C) but will tolerate a range from 40°F (4.4°C) - 75°F (24°C). Can be grown in containers but need a lot of space. After harvest they can be frozen, canned or dried for storage. Show

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Beet Beet
4-8
Biennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Deciduous
0.9
True
Leaves, Root
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
2-3 weeks before last frost, 6-8 weeks before the first frost
6-8 weeks before last frost
2 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/beta_vulgaris
Chenopodiaceae
Rübe
https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=beta vulgaris craca
6.0-6.8
10°c (50°f)
5-12 days
1.5 cm
20cm
45-65
### Links [How to Grow Beets @ Harvest to Table](https://harvesttotable.com/how_to_grow_beets/) Show

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Corn Corn
true
Fast
Moist
Full sun
2-11
Maize, corn, abado, able, aburow, agbado, awasi, awi, bara-jowar, bhutta, blefo, bli, buta, chujak, goinjol, gomdhan, igbado, jagung, janar, jonar, junri, kaaba, keto, kolkoti, kon, kono, kukri, maka, makai, makka jonnalu, makka-cholam, makka, makkai, makkari, makoi, masara agwado, massara, mekkejola, milho, mokka-janna, musukojola, naham, nyo, oka, oksusu, shaa, sil ni vavalagi, ta-mank, yu shu shu, ai, amylum maydis, awási, aya, corn oi, 6 corn oil (unhydrogenated), corn silk, corn starch, corn syrup solids, corn|iringu, dent corn, dura shami, field corn, flint corn, gangnaengi, granoturco, indian corn, maidis stigma, mais, maiz, aceite, maize oil, refined, maize starch, majs, maydis amylum, maydis oleum raffinatum, maydis stigma, maíz, aceite refinado, maîs, maïs, ogsusu, oleum maydis, pelos de elafe, pod corn, popcorn, refined maize oil, risoy genime sami, stigmata maidis, styli cum stigmatis zeae maydis, sweet corn, topical starch, to-morokoshi, yu mi shu, yu mi xu, zein, zorrat
Light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Poaceae or gramineae
2
Mais
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maize
Pollen, seed, stem
Oil
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Zea mays
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Eggplant Eggplant
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eggplant
true
Moist
Full sun
8-11
Eggplant
Light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Solanaceae
1.0
Aubergine
Fruit, leaves
Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Solanum melongena
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Horseradish Horseradish
4-9
Perennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Deciduous
0.7-1.5m
Herbs
Ground cover
True
Leaves, Root, Seed
Seed - transplant, Seed - direct sow, Division
2-4 weeks before last frost
8-12 weeks before last frost
At last frost date
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horseradish
Fast
Red cole, Cochlearia armoracia
Brassicaceae
Meerrettich
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Armoracia rusticana
5.5-7.0
Europe
Tap
60cm
8weeks
True
Roots
8-12weeks before last frost
7-23°c (45-75°f)
7-25 days
20cm (8″) / 40-50cm (16-20″)
Yes
Mierik, Mierikswortel
Peberrod
Very undemanding plant, growing basically everywhere. Roots are spicy an be used to make spreads etc. Leafs are edible too and can be added to pickled vegetables. # Propagation While it is possible to grow from seed, the way more easy method is division. Divison can be done all year but best in spring. Show

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Marjoram Marjoram
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marjoram
true
Dry, moist
Full sun, partial sun/shade
6-9
Light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Lamiaceae or labiatae
0.6
Majoran
Herbs
Leaves
Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Origanum majorana
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Nasturtium Nasturtium
Flowers, Leaves, Seed, Seedpod
Trap crop, deters whiteflies, deters cucumber beetles, attracts insects, good for biomass
Herbs
6-11
Annual, Perennial
full sun
Moist
light (sandy), medium
seed - direct sow, seed - transplant
1 week after last frost - late spring
2-4 weeks before last frost
2 weeks after last frost
3.5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropaeolum_majus
Fast
Tropaeolum, Indian Cress
Tropaeolaceae
Große Kapuzinerkresse
15cm
7-12 days
12-18°C (55-65°F)
Oil
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Tropaeolum majus
Flowering plant on the ground. Can be grown annual or perennial #### Links [Nasturtium @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/jewel-mix ) Show

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Parsnip Parsnip
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parsnip
true
Moist
Full sun, partial sun/shade
4-8
Wild parsnip
Light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
1.0
Pastinake
Roots
Leaves, root, seed
Weed potential
Biennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Pastinaca sativa
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Kale Kale
5-10
Biennial, Perennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Deciduous
0.9
Herbs
True
Leaves
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
At last frost date
4-6 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kale
Brassicaceae, Cruciferae
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Brassica oleracea acephala
6.0-6.8
Shallow
45cm
7-10 days
0.5cm
True
Fast
2 months
Kale (/keɪl/), or leaf cabbage, belongs to a group of cabbage (Brassica oleracea) cultivars grown for their edible leaves, although some are used as ornamentals. Kale plants have green or purple leaves, and the central leaves do not form a head (as with headed cabbage). Kales are considered to be closer to wild cabbage than most of the many domesticated forms of Brassica oleracea. ### Links [Kale @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/blogs/how-to-grow/grow-kale-collards) Show

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Brussel Sprouts Brussel Sprouts
true
Moist
Full sun, partial sun/shade
Light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Brassicaceae or cruciferae
1.2
Rosenkohl
Leaves
Biennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Brassica oleracea gemmifera
A leaf vegetable in the cabbage family. Show

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Cauliflower Cauliflower
true
Moist
Full sun, partial sun/shade
3-10
Light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Brassicaceae or cruciferae
0.8
Blumenkohl
Flowers, leaves
Annual, biennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Brassica oleracea botrytis
Annual plant reproduced by seed. Show

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Savoy cabbage Savoy cabbage
true
Moist
Full sun, partial sun/shade
7-11
Light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Brassicaceae or cruciferae
0.8
Wirsing
Leaves
Annual, biennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Brassica oleracea sabauda
Savoy cabbage is a winter vegetable. The leaves can be eaten. Show

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Passion fruit Passion fruit
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passiflora_edulis
true
Fast
Moist
Full sun
9-12
Vines
Purple granadilla, passion fruit, granadilla, aul aanp, bai xiang guo, buah negeri, buah susu, garendal, granadiglia, granadilho, grenadille, ji dan guo, kudamonotokeiso, liliko'i, linmangkon, louki, magalendendele, maracuja-roxo, maracuya, markisa, maseche, matunda, munchi, obutunda, pasionaria, purpurgrenadille, qaranidila, sawarot, soh-brap, tikeiso, common passionfruit, fleur de la passion, flor de la pasión, granadiglia incarnata, granadilla, grenadella, kalala, maracayú, maracujá, maracujá azedo, maracujá-comum, maracujá-de-comer, maracujá-de-ponche, maracujá-do-mato, maracujá-doce, maracujá-mirim, maracujá-peroba, maracujá-preto, maracujá-redondo, maracuya, pasiflora, passiflora, passiflorae acetum folium, passiflore, passion flower, passion fruit, passion fruit|wel dodam, passionsblume, passionsfrukt, purple granadilla, purple passionflower
Light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Passifloraceae
9.0
Oil
Weed potential
Fruit
Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Passiflora edulis
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Pea Pea
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pea
true
Moist
Full sun
Light (sandy), medium
Fabaceae or leguminosae
2.0
Erbse
Vines
3-9
Leaves, seed
Annual
N-fixer
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Pisum sativum
Show

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Broccoli Broccoli
Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
2-11
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Brassicaceae or Cruciferae
0.9
Brokkoli
Flowers, Leaves
Annual, Biennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Brassica oleracea italica
50-100
45cm
6.0-7.0
7-10 days
4°C (40°F)
6-8 weeks before last frost
Annual green vegetable plant. Head and stalk is edible. ### Propagation - Direct sow Sow seeds 7cm apart, thin when seedlings reach 5-7cm in height. ### Propagation - Transplant Start seeds 6-8 weeks before your last frost date, or 2-3 weeks before last frost date. Plant outside when seedlings are 4-6 weeks old, or have 4-5 leaves. #### Links [Broccoli @ Almanac](https://www.almanac.com/plant/broccoli) Show

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Pot marigold Pot marigold
2-11
Annual
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
0.6
Repels nematodes
Flowers, Leaves, Seed
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calendula_officinalis
Medium
Calendula, Common marigold, Scotch marigold, Ruddles
Asteraceae or compositae
Ringelblume
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Calendula officinalis
21°c (70°f)
6-14 days
5.5-7.0
15cm
60
A flowering plant of the daisy family Asteraceae, the marigold is probably native to southern Europe, however, its long cultivation history makes its precise origin unknown. Marigolds can range in colour from white through yellow and orange to red and even pink. ### Propagation - Direct sow Direct sow in spring when light frost is still possible. Can be sown until early summer for fall blooms. ### Propagation - Transplant Sow indoors in late winter, transplant outside when risk of heavy frost has passed. #### Links [Calendula @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/zeolights-organic) Show

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Garlic Garlic
3-10
Perennial
Full sun
Dry, Moist
Light (sandy), Medium
0.6
Herbs
Bulb, Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed
Seed - direct sow
Late autumn, Early spring
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garlic
Cultivated garlic
Alliaceae
Knoblauch
20cm
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Allium sativum
6.5-7.0
Sting and itch relief from insect bites
Fibrous
Shallow
100-150 days
Allium
Garlic is a perennial flowering plant growing from a bulb. It is pollinated by bees, butterflies, moths, and other insects. Mulch for proper overwintering when planted in autumn. To harvest dig and do not pull out the bulbs. Let them dry in an airy, shady and dry spot e.g. by hanging them up. Once wrappers are dry, it can be stored at a dry place. Show

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Red Clover Red Clover
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trifolium_pratense
true
Medium
Moist
Full sun
5-9
Light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Fabaceae or leguminosae
0.6
Roter klee
Herbs
Flowers, leaves, root, seed
Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Trifolium pratense
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Radish Radish
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radish
true
Fast
Moist
Full sun, partial sun/shade
2-11
Cultivated radish
Light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Brassicaceae or cruciferae
0.5
Rettich
Roots
Flowers, leaves, root, seed, seedpod
Oil
Weed potential
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Raphanus sativus
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Onion Onion
3-9
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium
0.6
Herbs
Bulb, Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
Spring or fall
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onion
Garden onion
Alliaceae
Zwiebel
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Allium cepa
50°f, 10°c
Seed indoors 6 weeks before transplanting in the garden
2-6 inches
6.0-7.0
Allium
While the Onion is a biennial/ perennial plant, it is mostly grown annually for it's edible leaves and bulbs. Shallot is a popular and well-known variety Can be grown from seeds or sets. Show

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Comfrey Comfrey
Perennial
Herbs
Boraginaceae
This plant is a wonderful dynamic accumulator, biomass generator, drip line extender, and all around companion plant. Show

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Comfrey Comfrey
3-9
Perennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
1.2
True
Leaves
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphytum_officinale
Fast
Common comfrey
Boraginaceae
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Symphytum officinale
Gewone smeerwortel
Lægekulsukker
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