Permaculture companion plants for Broccoli

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Image Name Data Description Actions
Runner Bean Runner Bean
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/phaseolus_coccineus
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun
1-12
Scarlet runner, Scarlet runner bean, Scarlet conqueror, Fire bean, Mammoth, Red giant phaseolus coccineus ssppolyanthus (cache bean)
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Fabaceae or leguminosae
3.0
Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed, Seedpod
Annual, Perennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=phaseolus coccineus
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Common bean Common bean
2-11
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
2.0
Vines
N-fixer
True
Leaves, Seed, Seedpod
Seed - transplant, Seed - direct sow
1 week after last frost, 12-14 weeks before first frost
2-4 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaseolus_vulgaris
Pole bean, Climbing bean, French bean, Bush bean, Dwarf bean, Kidney bean
Fabaceae, Leguminosae
Stangenbohne
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Phaseolus vulgaris
16-18°c (70-80°f)
6.0-6.8
Kentucky wonder, Blue lake, Great northern white, Vermont cranberry, Jacob’s cattle
2.5cm
16cm
4-10 days
45-85
Fast
This entry describes all varieties of the common bean. This includes vining and bush/darf varities. The common bean is an annual plant and includes a lot of varieties with a different names depending on their style of growths (see alternate names). These include the kidney bean, the navy bean, the pinto bean, the french bean and the wax bean ### Links [Beans Seed Starting Tips @ Harvest to Table](https://harvesttotable.com/beans-seed-starting-tips/) ### Propagation - direct sow Direct-sow beans in spring after all danger of frost has passed and soil is at least 16°C (60°F). In warm-winter regions, sow beans in late summer for harvest in winter. Time sowing so that beans come to harvest before the first frost. Show

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Broad Bean Broad Bean
Leaves, Seed
4-8
Annual
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
6 weeks after sowing them in pots
6 weeks after sowing them in pots
1.0
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vicia_faba
Fast
Fava bean, Faba bean, Broad bean, Or faba bean varieties with smaller, Harder seeds that are fed to horses or other animals are called field bean, Tic bean or tick bean horse bean
Fabaceae or leguminosae
Ackerbohne
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Vicia faba major
20cm
Feb-april; oct-nov
21 days
Sow in deep pots in cool, Frost-free place
6.0-6.8
Nitrogen-fixer
Easy-to-grow, cool-season crop whose green pods, or white or green beans make a great ingredient for soups, stews and salads. Grows best in temperatures ranging from 60° to 65°F (15-18°C) but will tolerate a range from 40°F (4.4°C) - 75°F (24°C). Can be grown in containers but need a lot of space. After harvest they can be frozen, canned or dried for storage. Show

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Beet Beet
4-8
Biennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Deciduous
0.9
True
Leaves, Root
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
2-3 weeks before last frost, 6-8 weeks before the first frost
6-8 weeks before last frost
2 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/beta_vulgaris
Chenopodiaceae
Rübe
https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=beta vulgaris craca
6.0-6.8
10°c (50°f)
5-12 days
1.5 cm
20cm
45-65
Detroit dark red, Early wonder, Burpee’s golden, Bulls’s blood, Cylindra, Little ball, Chioggia, Lutz green leaf
### Links [How to Grow Beets @ Harvest to Table](https://harvesttotable.com/how_to_grow_beets/) Show

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Borage Borage
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borage
Medium
Dry, Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
6-9
Common borage, Cool-tankard, Tailwort, Starflower
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Boraginaceae
0.6
Borretsch
60cm
5-15 days
At last frost
21°c (70°f)
Oil
Flowers, Leaves
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Borago officinalis
Seed - direct sow
#### Propagation Direct sow early spring when temperatures reach 21°C (70°F). Best sown directly, as borage develops a delicate taproot. #### Links [Borage @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/borage) Show

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Coriander Coriander
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coriander
Dry, Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
2-11
Cilantro, Chinese parsley, Dhania
Light (sandy), Medium
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
0.5
Koriander
Herbs
45-60
5cm
5-10 days
15°c (60°f)
Repels aphids, Repels potato beetles, Repels spider mites
Leaves, Seed
Oil
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Coriandrum sativum
Annual herb where all parts are edible. ### Propagation - Direct sowing Direct sow in early spring after risk of frost. ### Propagation - Transplanting Avoid transplanting, as cilantro is quick to bolt under any stress. #### Links [Coriander @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/santo-organic) Show

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Cucumber Cucumber
9-11
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
2
Vines
Fruit, Leaves
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
1 week after last frost
2-3 weeks before last frost
1 week after last frost date
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cucumber
Cucurbitaceae
Gurke
50-65
23cm
6.0-6.8
15-30°c (60-85°f)
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Cucumis sativus
True
Fruit
Annual, self-fertile climber whose fruit is a popular ingredient for salads. The plant will develop male and female flowers. You can recognize the female by having a tiny cucumber underneath. Sometimes the plant develops a lot of male flowers first, so be patient. If you don’t see any bees pollinating. Take a male and put it on all the female flowers. #### Propagation Direct sow when soil is warm enough in early summer. Sow seeds individually indoors 3-4 weeks before planting outside into warm soil. Use bottom heat if possible. Transplant when plants develop third leaf. #### Medicinal Fruit is depurative, diuretic, emollient, purgative and resolvent #### Links [Cucumber @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/patio-snacker) Show

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Dill Dill
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/dill
True
Medium
Moist
Full sun
2-11
Light (sandy), Medium
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
0.8
Herbs
Dill
Leaves, Seed
Annual
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=anethum graveolens
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Pot marigold Pot marigold
2-11
Annual
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
0.6
Repels nematodes
Flowers, Leaves, Seed
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calendula_officinalis
Medium
Calendula, Common marigold, Scotch marigold, Ruddles
Asteraceae or compositae
Ringelblume
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Calendula officinalis
21°c (70°f)
6-14 days
5.5-7.0
15cm
60
A flowering plant of the daisy family Asteraceae, the marigold is probably native to southern Europe, however, its long cultivation history makes its precise origin unknown. Marigolds can range in colour from white through yellow and orange to red and even pink. ### Propagation - Direct sow Direct sow in spring when light frost is still possible. Can be sown until early summer for fall blooms. ### Propagation - Transplant Sow indoors in late winter, transplant outside when risk of heavy frost has passed. #### Links [Calendula @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/zeolights-organic) Show

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Marjoram Marjoram
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/marjoram
True
Dry, Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
6-9
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Lamiaceae or labiatae
0.6
Majoran
Herbs
Leaves
Perennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=origanum majorana
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Nasturtium Nasturtium
Flowers, Leaves, Seed, Seedpod
Trap crop, Deters whiteflies, Deters cucumber beetles, Attracts insects, Good for biomass
Herbs
6-11
Annual, Perennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
1 week after last frost - late spring
2-4 weeks before last frost
2 weeks after last frost
3.5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropaeolum_majus
Fast
Tropaeolum, Indian cress
Tropaeolaceae
Große kapuzinerkresse
15cm
7-12 days
12-18°c (55-65°f)
Oil
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Tropaeolum majus
Flowering plant on the ground. Can be grown annual or perennial #### Links [Nasturtium @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/jewel-mix ) Show

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Potato Potato
Root
3-10
Perennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
1.0
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potato
Irish potato, Andigena
Solanaceae
Kartoffel
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Solanum tuberosum
April
12 inches
Seed - direct sow
Potatoes are one of the most popular root crops. They grow best at temperatures from 61 and 70 °F. Show

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Tomato Tomato
10-12
Annual, Perennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
2.0
True
Fruit, Seed
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomato
Fast
Garden tomato, Dumádu, Garden tomato, Love apple, Lycopersicum esculentum, Tomate, Tomato, Tomato extract containing lycopene, Tomato|thakkali, Tumatis, Lycopersicon esculentum
Solanaceae
Tomate
Oil
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Solanum lycopersicum, https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Lycopersicon esculentum
Start seeds indoors 5-6 weeks before last frost
In containers or in rows in beds around last frost date
6.2-6.8
70-80°f
An easy-growing, humus-loving vegetable plant that is mostly grown for its fruits that can be eaten fresh, cooked or dried in salads and various dishes. There are a great number of cultivars. Indeterminate tomato plants are perennials in their native habitat, but are cultivated as annuals. Determinate, or bush, plants are annuals that stop growing at a certain height and produce a crop all at once. An alternate name for the tomato is Lycopersicon esculentum. Show

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Lettuce Lettuce
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/lettuce
True
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
5-9
Garden lettuce
Light (sandy), Medium
Asteraceae or compositae
0.9
Blattsalat
Herbs
Leaves, Seed
Oil
Annual, Biennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=lactuca sativa
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Onion Onion
Bulb, Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed
Herbs
3-9
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
Spring or fall
0.6
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onion
Garden onion
Alliaceae
Zwiebel
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Allium cepa
50°f, 10°c
Seed indoors 6 weeks before transplanting in the garden
2-6 inches
6.0-7.0
While the Onion is a biennial/ perennial plant, it is mostly grown annually for it's edible leaves and bulbs. Shallot is a popular and well-known variety Can be grown from seeds or sets. Show

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Turnip Turnip
7-11
Biennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
0.5
True
Leaves, Root
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brassica_rapa
Brassicaceae or cruciferae
Speiserübe, Mairübe
Weed potential
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Brassica rapa
Bok choy, Bomdong, Field mustard, Napa cabbage, Komatsuna, Tatsoi, Turnip, Yellow sarson
6.0-7.5
Cross-pollination
45-80
7-29°c
4-7 days
16cm
Flea beatles, Cutworms, Root maggots, Cabbage loopers, Cabbageworms, Cabbage aphids, Slugs, Snails, Nematodes
Black leg, Black rot, Turnip mosaic virus
Brassica rapa is a plant species growing in various widely cultivated forms including the turnip (a root vegetable); napa cabbage, bomdong, bok choy, and rapini; and Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera, an oilseed which has many common names, including turnip rape, field mustard, bird rape, and keblock. The oil made from the seed is sometimes also called canola or colza. Cultivated in Europe for over 4000 years, probably native to central and southern Europe, now spread throughout world, including most parts of the tropics. ### Links [Brassica rapa @ Purdue Horticulture](https://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Brassica_rapa.html) [Brassica rapa @ Cornell Gardening](http://www.gardening.cornell.edu/homegardening/scene0f7d.html) Show

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Red Clover Red Clover
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/trifolium_pratense
True
Medium
Moist
Full sun
5-9
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Fabaceae or leguminosae
0.6
Roter klee
Herbs
Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed
Perennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=trifolium pratense
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Cucamelon Cucamelon
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melothria_scabra
Cucamelon, Mexikanische mini-gurke
Vines
Full sun
60-70
23cm
6.5-7.0
15-30°c (60-85°f)
Mouse melon
At last frost
3-4 weeks before last frost
Annual
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
1 week after last frost
Corn, Sunflowers and any other high growing plant, can act as a trellis. #### Propagation Direct sow when soil temperatures reach 15°C (60°F). Plant inside 3-4 weeks before planting outside, and use bottom-heat to help germination. Transplant when plant develop their third true leaf. #### Links [Cucamelon @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/cucamelon) Show

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Chamomile Chamomile
Herbs
5-9
Annual
Full sun
Dry, Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
At last frost date
0.5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matricaria_chamomilla
Asteraceae or compositae
Kamille
Matricaria recutita - l., German chamomile, Wild chamomile
Direct sow in autumn or shortly before latest date of frost
Start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date
1 week
One species of the daisy family often used for herbal-infused chamomile tea. Can be used fresh or dried. Native to southern and eastern Europe and western Asia. Need light to germinate. #### Links [Chamomile @ Plants For A Future](https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Matricaria recutita) Show

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