Foeniculum vulgare


Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant that is native to the Mediterranean region. It is a tall, upright plant with feathery, light green leaves and yellow flowers. The stem of the plant is hollow and can grow up to 5 feet in height.

The plant is commonly grown for its edible leaves, seeds, and bulbs, which have a sweet, anise-like flavor. The leaves can be used fresh or dried in salads, sauces, and soups. The seeds can be used whole or ground as a spice in baking and cooking. The bulbs can be sliced and eaten raw or cooked.

Fennel prefers well-draining soil and full sun exposure. It is a hardy plant that can tolerate cold temperatures and is often grown as a perennial in temperate climates. In colder climates, it should be grown as an annual or dug up and brought indoors for the winter.

Fennel is a versatile plant that can be used in a variety of ways. In addition to its culinary uses, the plant has medicinal properties and can be used to treat digestive issues. The leaves can be used as a natural insect repellent, and the plant is known to attract pollinators and beneficial insects to the garden.

Photo by David J. Stang, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
🔗   Photo by David J. Stang, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons