Ocimum basilicum


Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is a herb native to tropical regions of Asia and Africa. It is known for its fragrant, green leaves and small, white flowers. The leaves are typically oval-shaped and have a glossy texture. The stem is typically square-shaped and can grow up to 24 inches tall.

Basil is a fast-growing plant that prefers full sun and well-drained soil. In colder climates, it is typically grown as an annual, as it is not winter hardy. To cultivate basil successfully, a grower should water it regularly and provide adequate drainage. Removing the last pair of leaves encourages branching and growth.

Basil is often differentiated from other plants by its distinctive aroma, which is used in a wide variety of dishes, including pesto, soups, and salads. The leaves, flowers, and stems of the basil plant are all edible, and can be stored by drying or freezing.

In addition to its culinary uses, basil has a number of other uses. It has been used medicinally as an anti-inflammatory and to improve digestion. It is also known to attract bees and other pollinators, making it valuable for gardens.

Netha Hussain, CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons
πŸ”—   Netha Hussain, CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons