Permaculture companion plants for Lettuce

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Image Name Data Description Actions
Common bean Common bean
2-11
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
2.0
Vines
N-fixer
True
Leaves, Seed, Seedpod
Seed - transplant, Seed - direct sow
1 week after last frost, 12-14 weeks before first frost
2-4 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaseolus_vulgaris
Pole bean, Climbing bean, French bean, Bush bean, Dwarf bean, Kidney bean
Fabaceae, Leguminosae
Stangenbohne
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Phaseolus vulgaris
16-18°c (70-80°f)
6.0-6.8
Kentucky wonder, Blue lake, Great northern white, Vermont cranberry, Jacob’s cattle
2.5cm
16cm
4-10 days
45-85
Fast
This entry describes all varieties of the common bean. This includes vining and bush/darf varities. The common bean is an annual plant and includes a lot of varieties with a different names depending on their style of growths (see alternate names). These include the kidney bean, the navy bean, the pinto bean, the french bean and the wax bean ### Links [Beans Seed Starting Tips @ Harvest to Table](https://harvesttotable.com/beans-seed-starting-tips/) ### Propagation - direct sow Direct-sow beans in spring after all danger of frost has passed and soil is at least 16°C (60°F). In warm-winter regions, sow beans in late summer for harvest in winter. Time sowing so that beans come to harvest before the first frost. Show

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Runner Bean Runner Bean
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/phaseolus_coccineus
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun
1-12
Scarlet runner, Scarlet runner bean, Scarlet conqueror, Fire bean, Mammoth, Red giant phaseolus coccineus ssppolyanthus (cache bean)
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Fabaceae or leguminosae
3.0
Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed, Seedpod
Annual, Perennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=phaseolus coccineus
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Broad Bean Broad Bean
Leaves, Seed
4-8
Annual
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
6 weeks after sowing them in pots
6 weeks after sowing them in pots
1.0
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vicia_faba
Fast
Fava bean, Faba bean, Broad bean, Or faba bean varieties with smaller, Harder seeds that are fed to horses or other animals are called field bean, Tic bean or tick bean horse bean
Fabaceae or leguminosae
Ackerbohne
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Vicia faba major
20cm
Feb-april; oct-nov
21 days
Sow in deep pots in cool, Frost-free place
6.0-6.8
Nitrogen-fixer
Easy-to-grow, cool-season crop whose green pods, or white or green beans make a great ingredient for soups, stews and salads. Grows best in temperatures ranging from 60° to 65°F (15-18°C) but will tolerate a range from 40°F (4.4°C) - 75°F (24°C). Can be grown in containers but need a lot of space. After harvest they can be frozen, canned or dried for storage. Show

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Beet Beet
4-8
Biennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Deciduous
0.9
True
Leaves, Root
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
2-3 weeks before last frost, 6-8 weeks before the first frost
6-8 weeks before last frost
2 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/beta_vulgaris
Chenopodiaceae
Rübe
https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=beta vulgaris craca
6.0-6.8
10°c (50°f)
5-12 days
1.5 cm
20cm
45-65
Detroit dark red, Early wonder, Burpee’s golden, Bulls’s blood, Cylindra, Little ball, Chioggia, Lutz green leaf
### Links [How to Grow Beets @ Harvest to Table](https://harvesttotable.com/how_to_grow_beets/) Show

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Carrot Carrot
Leaves, Root
3-10
Biennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
1.2
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
Möhre, Karotte
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Daucus carota sativus
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Sweet cherry Sweet cherry
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/prunus_avium
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
3-7
Trees
Sweet cherry
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Rosaceae
18.0
Süßkirsche
True
Fruit, Seed
Animal feed, Attracts insects, Hedgerow
Perennial
Deciduous
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=prunus avium
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Sour cherry Sour cherry
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/prunus_cerasus
True
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
3-7
Trees
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Rosaceae
6.0
Sauerkirsche
True
Oil, Tea
Fruit, Seed
Animal feed, Attracts insects, Hedgerow, Wind breaker
Perennial
Deciduous
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=prunus cerasus
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Chervil Chervil
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/chervil
True
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade, Full shade
6-9
Garden chervil
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
0.5
Echte kerbel
Leaves, Root
Biennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=anthriscus cerefolium
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Cucumber Cucumber
9-11
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
2
Vines
Fruit, Leaves
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
1 week after last frost
2-3 weeks before last frost
1 week after last frost date
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cucumber
Cucurbitaceae
Gurke
50-65
23cm
6.0-6.8
15-30°c (60-85°f)
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Cucumis sativus
True
Fruit
Annual, self-fertile climber whose fruit is a popular ingredient for salads. The plant will develop male and female flowers. You can recognize the female by having a tiny cucumber underneath. Sometimes the plant develops a lot of male flowers first, so be patient. If you don’t see any bees pollinating. Take a male and put it on all the female flowers. #### Propagation Direct sow when soil is warm enough in early summer. Sow seeds individually indoors 3-4 weeks before planting outside into warm soil. Use bottom heat if possible. Transplant when plants develop third leaf. #### Medicinal Fruit is depurative, diuretic, emollient, purgative and resolvent #### Links [Cucumber @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/patio-snacker) Show

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Pot marigold Pot marigold
2-11
Annual
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
0.6
Repels nematodes
Flowers, Leaves, Seed
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calendula_officinalis
Medium
Calendula, Common marigold, Scotch marigold, Ruddles
Asteraceae or compositae
Ringelblume
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Calendula officinalis
21°c (70°f)
6-14 days
5.5-7.0
15cm
60
A flowering plant of the daisy family Asteraceae, the marigold is probably native to southern Europe, however, its long cultivation history makes its precise origin unknown. Marigolds can range in colour from white through yellow and orange to red and even pink. ### Propagation - Direct sow Direct sow in spring when light frost is still possible. Can be sown until early summer for fall blooms. ### Propagation - Transplant Sow indoors in late winter, transplant outside when risk of heavy frost has passed. #### Links [Calendula @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/zeolights-organic) Show

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Marjoram Marjoram
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/marjoram
True
Dry, Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
6-9
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Lamiaceae or labiatae
0.6
Majoran
Herbs
Leaves
Perennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=origanum majorana
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Onion Onion
Bulb, Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed
Herbs
3-9
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
Spring or fall
0.6
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onion
Garden onion
Alliaceae
Zwiebel
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Allium cepa
50°f, 10°c
Seed indoors 6 weeks before transplanting in the garden
2-6 inches
6.0-7.0
While the Onion is a biennial/ perennial plant, it is mostly grown annually for it's edible leaves and bulbs. Shallot is a popular and well-known variety Can be grown from seeds or sets. Show

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Parsnip Parsnip
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/parsnip
True
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
4-8
Wild parsnip
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
1.0
Pastinake
Roots
Leaves, Root, Seed
Weed potential
Biennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=pastinaca sativa
Show

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Radish Radish
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/radish
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
2-11
Cultivated radish
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Brassicaceae or cruciferae
0.5
Rettich
Roots
Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed, Seedpod
Oil
Weed potential
Annual
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=raphanus sativus
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Strawberry Strawberry
4-8
Perennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
0.3
Herbs
Ground cover
True
Fruit, Leaves
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strawberry
Rosaceae
Erdbeere
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Fragaria x ananassa
Perennial plant which is mostly grown annually. Show

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Okra Okra
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/okra
True
Moist
Full sun
5-11
A-koto, Angu, Apala, Asowntem, Bakhua-mun, Bamia, Bandakka, Bendi, Bhindee, Bhindi, Binda, Bindi, Bondo, Cantarela, Derere rechipudzi, Derere, Dheras, Dherosh, Enmomi, Fetri, Gombaut, Gombo, Gumbo, Guro, Gusha, Hakuyot, Idelele, Ikhievbo, Ilasha, Ilo, Ka fei huang kui, Kacang bendi, Kaganh lender, Kandia, Kandjie, Kopi arab, Krachiap-mon, Kubewa, Lafeu, Lieka, Loka, Maana, Ma-lontho, Mesta, Muomi, Miagorro, Nathando, Nkruma, Obori, Ochro, Okworu, Okwulu, Otigo-iwoka, Pahari bendi, Pingpesi, Poot barang, Pui, Quiabo, Quimbambo, Saluyot a bunga, Sayur bendi, Taku, Uisul hme, Vandakai, Vandikkai, Vendal, Wayika, You-padi
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Malvaceae
1.0
Herbs
Fruit, Leaves, Root, Seed
Oil
Weed potential
Annual, Perennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=abelmoschus esculentus
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Broccoli Broccoli
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
2-11
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Brassicaceae or cruciferae
0.9
Brokkoli
Flowers, Leaves
Annual, Biennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Brassica oleracea italica
50-100
45cm
6.0-7.0
7-10 days
4°c (40°f)
6-8 weeks before last frost
Annual green vegetable plant. Head and stalk is edible. ### Propagation - Direct sow Sow seeds 7cm apart, thin when seedlings reach 5-7cm in height. ### Propagation - Transplant Start seeds 6-8 weeks before your last frost date, or 2-3 weeks before last frost date. Plant outside when seedlings are 4-6 weeks old, or have 4-5 leaves. #### Links [Broccoli @ Almanac](https://www.almanac.com/plant/broccoli) Show

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Passion fruit Passion fruit
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/passiflora_edulis
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun
9-12
Vines
Purple granadilla, Passion fruit, Granadilla, Aul aanp, Bai xiang guo, Buah negeri, Buah susu, Garendal, Granadiglia, Granadilho, Grenadille, Ji dan guo, Kudamonotokeiso, Liliko'i, Linmangkon, Louki, Magalendendele, Maracuja-roxo, Maracuya, Markisa, Maseche, Matunda, Munchi, Obutunda, Pasionaria, Purpurgrenadille, Qaranidila, Sawarot, Soh-brap, Tikeiso, Common passionfruit, Fleur de la passion, Flor de la pasión, Granadiglia incarnata, Granadilla, Grenadella, Kalala, Maracayú, Maracujá, Maracujá azedo, Maracujá-comum, Maracujá-de-comer, Maracujá-de-ponche, Maracujá-do-mato, Maracujá-doce, Maracujá-mirim, Maracujá-peroba, Maracujá-preto, Maracujá-redondo, Maracuya, Pasiflora, Passiflora, Passiflorae acetum folium, Passiflore, Passion flower, Passion fruit, Passion fruit|wel dodam, Passionsblume, Passionsfrukt, Purple granadilla, Purple passionflower
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Passifloraceae
9.0
Oil
Weed potential
Fruit
Perennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=passiflora edulis
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Thyme Thyme
5-11
Perennial
Full sun
Dry, Moist
Light (sandy), Medium
Evergreen
0.1-0.3m
Herbs
True
Flowers, Leaves
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thymus_vulgaris
Medium
Garden thyme, Wild thyme, Samon-phyu, Timo, Tomillo, Thym, Common thyme, German thyme, Thyme
Lamiaceae or labiatae
Thymian
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Thymus vulgaris
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Pea Pea
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/pea
True
Moist
Full sun
Light (sandy), Medium
Fabaceae or leguminosae
2.0
Erbse
Vines
3-9
Leaves, Seed
Annual
N-fixer
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=pisum sativum
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Kohlrabi Kohlrabi
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
4-8
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Brassicaceae or cruciferae
0.5
German turnip
Kohlrabi
Leaves, Stem
Annual, Biennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=brassica oleracea gongylodes
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Dill Dill
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/dill
True
Medium
Moist
Full sun
2-11
Light (sandy), Medium
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
0.8
Herbs
Dill
Leaves, Seed
Annual
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=anethum graveolens
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Coriander Coriander
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coriander
Dry, Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
2-11
Cilantro, Chinese parsley, Dhania
Light (sandy), Medium
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
0.5
Koriander
Herbs
45-60
5cm
5-10 days
15°c (60°f)
Repels aphids, Repels potato beetles, Repels spider mites
Leaves, Seed
Oil
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Coriandrum sativum
Annual herb where all parts are edible. ### Propagation - Direct sowing Direct sow in early spring after risk of frost. ### Propagation - Transplanting Avoid transplanting, as cilantro is quick to bolt under any stress. #### Links [Coriander @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/santo-organic) Show

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Cucamelon Cucamelon
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melothria_scabra
Cucamelon, Mexikanische mini-gurke
Vines
Full sun
60-70
23cm
6.5-7.0
15-30°c (60-85°f)
Mouse melon
At last frost
3-4 weeks before last frost
Annual
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
1 week after last frost
Corn, Sunflowers and any other high growing plant, can act as a trellis. #### Propagation Direct sow when soil temperatures reach 15°C (60°F). Plant inside 3-4 weeks before planting outside, and use bottom-heat to help germination. Transplant when plant develop their third true leaf. #### Links [Cucamelon @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/cucamelon) Show

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