Permaculture companion plants for Apple

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Image Name Data Description Actions
Chives Chives
3-12
Perennial
full sun, partial sun/shade
Moist
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
0.3
Herbs
Attracts insects, Ground cover
true
Bulb, Flowers, Leaves, Root
seed - direct sow, seed - transplant, division
4-6 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chives
Medium
Wild chives, Flowering Onion
Alliaceae
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Allium schoenoprasum
14-21days
6.0-7.0
21°C (70°F)
8-12inches
Schnittlauch
Chives are a bulb-forming herbaceous perennial plant, growing to 30–50 cm (12–20 in) tall. The bulbs are slender, conical, 2–3 cm (3⁄4–1 1⁄4 in) long and 1 cm (1⁄2 in) broad, and grow in dense clusters from the roots. The scapes (or stems) are hollow and tubular, up to 50 cm (20 in) long and 2–3 mm (1⁄16–1⁄8 in) across, with a soft texture, although, prior to the emergence of a flower, they may appear stiffer than usual. The grass-like leaves, which are shorter than the scapes, are also hollow and tubular, or terete, (round in cross-section) which distinguishes it at a glance from garlic chives (Allium tuberosum). The flowers are pale purple, and star-shaped with six petals, 1–2 cm (1⁄2–3⁄4 in) wide, and produced in a dense inflorescence of 10-30 together; before opening, the inflorescence is surrounded by a papery bract. The seeds are produced in a small, three-valved capsule, maturing in summer. The herb flowers from April to May in the southern parts of its habitat zones and in June in the northern parts. Show

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Marigold Marigold
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calendula_officinalis
Medium
Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
2-11
Pot Marigold, Common Marigold, Scotch Marigold, Ruddles
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Asteraceae or Compositae
0.6
Ringelblume
Flowers, Leaves, Seed
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Calendula officinalis
21°C (70°F)
6-14 days
5.5-7.0
15cm
60
Repels nematodes
### Propagation - Direct sow Direct sow in spring when light frost is still possible. Can be sown until early summer for fall blooms. ### Propagation - Transplant Sow indoors in late winter, transplant outside when risk of heavy frost has passed. #### Links [Calendula @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/zeolights-organic) Show

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Garlic Garlic
3-10
Perennial
full sun
Dry, Moist
light (sandy), medium
0.6
Herbs
Bulb, Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed
seed - direct sow
late autumn (Sept.-Nov.) or early spring
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garlic
Cultivated garlic
Alliaceae
Knoblauch
20cm
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Allium sativum
6.5-7.0
sting and itch relief from insect bites
Fibrous
shallow
100-150days
Garlic is a perennial flowering plant growing from a bulb. It is pollinated by bees, butterflies, moths, and other insects. Mulch for proper overwintering when planted in autumn. To harvest dig and do not pull out the bulbs. Let them dry in an airy, shady and dry spot e.g. by hanging them up. Once wrappers are dry, it can be stored at a dry place. Show

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Horseradish Horseradish
4-9
Perennial
full sun, partial sun/shade
Moist
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
0.7-1.5m
Herbs
true
Leaves, Root, Seed
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horseradish
Fast
Red Cole, Cochlearia armoracia
Brassicaceae
Meerrettich
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Armoracia rusticana
5.5-7.0
Europe
Deciduous
Tap
60cm
8weeks
true
Roots
seed - transplant, seed - direct sow, division
8-12weeks before last frost
7-23°C (45-75°F)
7-25 days
20cm (8″) / 40-50cm (16-20″)
8-12 weeks before last frost
2-4 weeks before last frost
at last frost date
yes
Ground cover
Very undemanding plant, growing basically everywhere. Roots are spicy an be used to make spreads etc. Leafs are edible too and can be added to pickled vegetables. # Propagation While it is possible to grow from seed, the way more easy method is division. Divison can be done all year but best in spring. Show

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Lemon balm Lemon balm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lemon_balm
Fast
Dry, Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
4-8
balm, common balm, balm mit, Bee Balm, Sweet Balm
light (sandy), medium
Lamiaceae or Labiatae
0.7
Herbs
Zitronenmelisse
Leaves
Weed potential
Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Melissa officinalis
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White Mustard White Mustard
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_mustard
Fast
Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
5-9
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Brassicaceae or Cruciferae
0.6
Weißer Senf
Leaves, Seed
Oil
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Sinapis alba
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Nasturtium Nasturtium
Flowers, Leaves, Seed, Seedpod
Trap crop, deters whiteflies, deters cucumber beetles, attracts insects, good for biomass
Herbs
6-11
Annual, Perennial
full sun
Moist
light (sandy), medium
seed - direct sow, seed - transplant
1 week after last frost - late spring
2-4 weeks before last frost
2 weeks after last frost
3.5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropaeolum_majus
Fast
Tropaeolum, Indian Cress
Tropaeolaceae
Große Kapuzinerkresse
15cm
7-12 days
12-18°C (55-65°F)
Oil
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Tropaeolum majus
Flowering plant on the ground. Can be grown annual or perennial #### Links [Nasturtium @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/jewel-mix ) Show

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Spinach Spinach
Leaves, Seed
Herbs
4-8
Annual
full sun, partial sun/shade
Moist
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
seed - direct sow, seed - transplant
0.3
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinach
Fast
Chenopodiaceae
Spinat
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Spinacia oleracea
carminative, laxative, hypoglycaemic; against inflammation
from March to June; Aug to Sep
2 weeks
start seeds indoors 8 weeks prior to last frost date
3 weeks prior to last frost date
Easy-to-grow, cool-weather, leafy vegetable, probably native to western Asia Successional sowing once per month/every two weeks is recommended for continuous supply. Show

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Tansy Tansy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tansy
Fast
Dry, Moist
full sun
3-8
Common tansy, Golden Buttons, Curly Leaf Tansy
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Asteraceae or Compositae
1.0
Rainfarn
Herbs
Flowers, Leaves
Weed potential
Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Tanacetum vulgare
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Yarrow Yarrow
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achillea_millefolium
Fast
Dry, Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
4-8
Boreal yarrow, California yarrow, Giant yarrow, Coast yarrow, Western yarrow, Pacific yarrow, bloodwort, carpenter's weed, common yarrow, hierba de las cortaduras, milfoil, plumajillo
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Asteraceae or Compositae
0.6
Herbs
Gemeine Schafgarbe
Leaves
Weed potential
Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Achillea millefolium
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Strawberry Strawberry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strawberry
Moist
full sun, partial sun/shade
4-8
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
Rosaceae
0.3
Erdbeere
Herbs
Fruit, Leaves
Ground cover
Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Fragaria x ananassa
Perennial plant which is mostly grown annually. Show

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Carrot Carrot
Leaves, Root
3-10
Biennial
full sun
Moist
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
1.2
Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
Möhre, Karotte
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Daucus carota sativus
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Comfrey Comfrey
Herbs
Perennial
This plant is a wonderful dynamic accumulator, biomass generator, drip line extender, and all around companion plant. Show

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Comfrey Comfrey
true
Leaves
3-9
Perennial
full sun, partial sun/shade
Moist
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
1.2
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphytum_officinale
Fast
Common comfrey
Boraginaceae
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Symphytum officinale
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Chamomile Chamomile
Herbs
5-9
Annual
full sun
Dry, Moist
light (sandy), medium, heavy (clay)
at last frost date
0.5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matricaria_chamomilla
Asteraceae or Compositae
Kamille
Matricaria recutita - L., German chamomile, wild chamomile
Direct sow in autumn or shortly before latest date of frost
Start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date
1 week
One species of the daisy family often used for herbal-infused chamomile tea. Can be used fresh or dried. Native to southern and eastern Europe and western Asia. Need light to germinate. #### Links [Chamomile @ Plants For A Future](https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Matricaria recutita) Show

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