Permaculture companion plants for Eggplant

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Image Name Data Description Actions
Common bean Common bean
2-11
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
2.0
Vines
Nitrogen fixer
True
Leaves, Seed, Seedpod
Seed - transplant, Seed - direct sow
1 week after last frost, 12-14 weeks before first frost
2-4 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaseolus_vulgaris
Pole bean, Climbing bean, French bean, Bush bean, Dwarf bean, Kidney bean, Green bean
Fabaceae, Leguminosae
Stangenbohne
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Phaseolus vulgaris
16-18°c (70-80°f)
6.0-6.8
2.5 cm
16cm
4-10 days
45-85
Fast
Sperzieboon
This entry describes all varieties of the common bean. This includes vining and bush/darf variaties and can have different names depending on their style of growths (see alternate names). These include the kidney bean, the navy bean, the pinto bean, the French bean and the wax bean The common bean, scientific name Phaseolus vulgaris, is a herbaceous annual plant native to the Americas, specifically the regions extending from the southwestern United States to South America. It is a member of the Fabaceae (legume) family. The common bean has a range of different appearances, depending on the variety. Most varieties have a simple, erect stem that grows to a height of 20-60 cm. The leaves are typically green and consist of 3-5 oblong leaflets. The flowers are small and white, pink, or purple in color. The fruit is a legume, which contains the seeds. The common bean is typically a small plant, but some varieties can grow to be quite large, reaching heights of up to 2 meters. The plant grows relatively quickly, with the growing season typically lasting between 60-100 days. The common bean prefers well-drained soil and full sun, but can also grow in partial shade. It is sensitive to frost and should be planted after the last frost date in the spring. To cultivate the common bean successfully, a grower may need to ensure that the soil is adequately fertilized and provide support for the plant to climb, if necessary. The common bean is edible, with the seeds and the young pods being the most commonly consumed parts. The seeds can be cooked and eaten as a protein-rich vegetable, and the young pods can be eaten as a green vegetable. The edible parts can be stored after harvest by drying the seeds or by preserving the young pods in vinegar or oil. The common bean has many uses beyond being a food source. The plant can fix nitrogen in the soil, improving its fertility and making it a useful companion plant for other crops. The dried leaves and stems of the common bean can be used as mulch or as a source of organic matter. In some cultures, the fibers from the stems are used to make ropes or other weaving materials. Additionally, the plant has been used medicinally to treat a variety of ailments. The common bean is also valuable for wildlife. The flowers attract bees and other pollinators, and the plant provides food for a variety of insects, birds, and small mammals. ### Links [Beans Seed Starting Tips @ Harvest to Table](https://harvesttotable.com/beans-seed-starting-tips/) ### Propagation - direct sow Direct-sow beans in spring after all danger of frost has passed and soil is at least 16°C (60°F). In warm-winter regions, sow beans in late summer for harvest in winter. Time sowing so that beans come to harvest before the first frost. Show

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Broad Bean Broad Bean
4-8
Annual
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
1.0
Nitrogen fixer
Leaves, Seed
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
6 weeks after sowing them in pots
6 weeks after sowing them in pots
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vicia_faba
Fast
fava bean, faba bean, Broad bean, or faba bean Varieties with smaller, harder seeds that are fed to horses or other animals are called field bean, tic bean or tick bean Horse bean
Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Ackerbohne
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Vicia faba major
20cm
Feb-April; Oct-Nov
21 days
sow in deep pots in cool, frost-free place
6.0-6.8
Broad bean (Vicia faba), also known as fava bean or faba bean, is a type of legume that is native to North Africa and the Middle East. It is a popular garden plant, known for its edible beans and attractive purple or white flowers. Broad bean plants have a upright, bushy growth habit and can reach a height of up to 3 feet. The leaves are large and composed of three oval-shaped leaflets, and the flowers are small and clustered in groups of two or three. The beans are produced in long, slender pods that contain two or three beans each. To grow broad beans successfully, it is important to choose a location with well-drained, fertile soil and full sun. The plants should be spaced about 8-12 inches apart, and watered regularly to ensure that the soil stays moist but not waterlogged. Broad beans are generally easy to grow and require little maintenance, but they can be susceptible to pests and diseases, such as aphids and fungal infections. Grows best in temperatures ranging from 60° to 65°F (15-18°C) but will tolerate a range from 40°F (4.4°C) - 75°F (24°C). Broad beans are edible, and the beans can be eaten fresh or frozen, canned or dried for storage. To harvest the beans, the pods should be picked when they are plump and before the beans inside begin to harden. The beans can be removed from the pods by gently squeezing them out. Fresh beans can be stored in the refrigerator for a few days, while dried beans can be stored in an airtight container for several months. In addition to their culinary uses, broad beans also have a number of medicinal properties, and have been used to treat a variety of ailments, including asthma, bronchitis, and anemia. Broad beans are also a valuable food source for many types of wildlife, including birds, insects, and small mammals. The plants provide nectar for bees and other pollinators, and the beans are a popular food for many species of birds. Show

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Runner Bean Runner Bean
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaseolus_coccineus
true
Fast
Moist
Full sun
1-12
Scarlet runner, scarlet runner bean, scarlet conqueror, fire bean, mammoth, red giant phaseolus coccineus ssppolyanthus (cache bean)
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Fabaceae or leguminosae
3.0
Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed, Seedpod
Annual, Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Phaseolus coccineus
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Tomato Tomato
10-12
Annual, Perennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
2.0
True
Fruit, Seed
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomato
Fast
Garden tomato, Dumádu, Garden tomato, Love apple, Lycopersicum esculentum, Tomate, Tomato, Tomato extract containing lycopene, Tomato|thakkali, Tumatis, Lycopersicon esculentum
Solanaceae
Tomate
Oil
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Solanum lycopersicum, https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Lycopersicon esculentum
Start seeds indoors 5-6 weeks before last frost
In containers or in rows in beds around last frost date
6.2-6.8
70-80°f
The tomato is a flowering plant native to South America. It is a member of the nightshade family and closely related to the potato. The tomato plant typically grows to a height of 1-3 meters and has a weak, hairy stem. The leaves are arranged alternately on the stem and are typically dark green in color. The plant produces small yellow or white flowers, which develop into the fruit we know as tomatoes. The fruit itself is typically red, but can also be yellow, orange, green, or purple. Indeterminate tomato plants are perennials in their native habitat, but are cultivated as annuals. Determinate, or bush, plants are annuals that stop growing at a certain height and produce a crop all at once. Tomatoes prefer warm, sunny growing conditions and well-drained, humus-rich soil. They can be grown in a variety of soil types, but perform best in soil with a pH between 6 and 6.8. In order to cultivate tomatoes successfully, growers may need to provide support for the plant (such as a stake or cage) to prevent the fruit from weighing down the stem, and may also need to water and fertilize the plant regularly. Tomatoes are generally considered to be frost-sensitive, so in areas with cold winters they may need to be grown in a greenhouse or indoors. There are a great number of cultivars. The edible parts of the tomato plant are the fruit and the leaves. The fruit can be eaten raw or cooked, and is commonly used in a variety of dishes, such as salads, sandwiches, and pasta. The leaves, although not commonly eaten, are also edible and have a slightly bitter taste. After harvest, tomatoes can be stored at room temperature, in a cool place, or in the refrigerator. Show

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Habanero Habanero
Solanaceae
The habanero is a hot variety of chili pepper. Unripe habaneros are green, and they color as they mature. The most common color variants are orange and red, but the fruit may also be white, brown, yellow, green, or purple. Typically, a ripe habanero is 2–6 cm (0.8–2.4 in) long. Habanero chilis are very hot, rated 100,000–350,000 on the Scoville scale. The habanero's heat, flavor and floral aroma make it a popular ingredient in hot sauces and other spicy foods. Show

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Peruvian Rocoto Peruvian Rocoto
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capsicum_pubescens
true
Moist
Full sun
8-11
Rocoto
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Solanaceae
3.0
Rocoto chili, baumchili
Fruit
Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Capsicum pubescens
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Jalapeño Chili Jalapeño Chili
Annual
Jalapeño
Solanaceae
Can be eaten green. Show

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Bell pepper Bell pepper
true
Medium
Moist
Full sun
10-11
Cayenne pepper, chili pepper, christmas pepper, red pepper, ornamental chili pepper
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Solanaceae
1.0
Paprika, gemüsepaprika
Flowers, Fruit, Leaves
Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Capsicum annuum
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Passion fruit Passion fruit
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passiflora_edulis
true
Fast
Moist
Full sun
9-12
Vines
Purple granadilla, passion fruit, granadilla, aul aanp, bai xiang guo, buah negeri, buah susu, garendal, granadiglia, granadilho, grenadille, ji dan guo, kudamonotokeiso, liliko'i, linmangkon, louki, magalendendele, maracuja-roxo, maracuya, markisa, maseche, matunda, munchi, obutunda, pasionaria, purpurgrenadille, qaranidila, sawarot, soh-brap, tikeiso, common passionfruit, fleur de la passion, flor de la pasión, granadiglia incarnata, granadilla, grenadella, kalala, maracayú, maracujá, maracujá azedo, maracujá-comum, maracujá-de-comer, maracujá-de-ponche, maracujá-do-mato, maracujá-doce, maracujá-mirim, maracujá-peroba, maracujá-preto, maracujá-redondo, maracuya, pasiflora, passiflora, passiflorae acetum folium, passiflore, passion flower, passion fruit, passion fruit|wel dodam, passionsblume, passionsfrukt, purple granadilla, purple passionflower
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Passifloraceae
9.0
Oil
Weed potential
Fruit
Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Passiflora edulis
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Marjoram Marjoram
6-9
Perennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Dry, Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
0.6
Herbs
true
Leaves
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marjoram
Lamiaceae or labiatae
Majoran
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Origanum majorana
Marjoram (Origanum majorana) is a herbaceous plant that is native to the Mediterranean region. It has delicate, oval-shaped leaves that are pale green in color, and small white or pink flowers that grow in clusters. The plant grows to a height of about 30 cm and has a woody stem. In terms of growing conditions, marjoram prefers well-drained, light soil and full sun to partial shade. It can be grown from seeds or cuttings, and should be spaced about 30 cm apart. Marjoram is winter hardy in mild climates, but may need to be protected or brought indoors in colder regions. Marjoram has a number of culinary uses. It is often used as a flavoring in soups, stews, and sauces, and can be added to salads and other dishes as a garnish. The leaves and flowers of the plant are edible and can be used fresh or dried. When harvesting marjoram, it is best to pick the leaves early in the morning when they are at their most flavorful. The leaves can be stored in an airtight container in a cool, dark place for up to six months. In addition to its culinary uses, marjoram has also been used medicinally as an antiseptic and as a remedy for digestive problems. It is also sometimes used in perfumes and soaps. Marjoram is not particularly attractive to wildlife, but it can provide habitat for some beneficial insects such as bees and butterflies. Show

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Potato Potato
3-10
Perennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
1.0
Root
Seed - direct sow
April
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potato
Irish potato, Andigena
Solanaceae
Kartoffel
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Solanum tuberosum
12 inches
Potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a herbaceous perennial plant that is native to the Andean region of South America. It is a member of the nightshade family (Solanaceae) and is closely related to other nightshades such as tomatoes, eggplants, and bell peppers. The potato plant has a bushy growth habit and can grow to heights of 30-150 cm depending on the variety. The leaves are large, heart-shaped, and alternate along the stem. The flowers are white or purple and have five petals. The plant produces small green berries that contain numerous seeds, but most varieties of potatoes are propagated vegetatively from tubers rather than from seeds. The edible part of the potato plant is the tuber, which is an underground stem that is modified for food storage. Potatoes come in a wide range of shapes, sizes, and colors including white, yellow, red, and purple. The size and shape of the tuber depends on the variety, with some varieties producing small, round tubers and others producing large, elongated tubers. Potatoes grow best in well-draining, fertile soils in a sunny location with a pH of 4.5-6.0. They require regular watering and should be planted in a location with good air circulation to prevent fungal diseases. Potatoes are typically planted from tubers that have been treated with a fungicide to prevent disease and are spaced 25-30 cm apart in rows that are 75-90 cm apart. The tubers will begin to form in the soil around 6-8 weeks after planting and can be harvested when they reach the desired size. Potatoes are a versatile and nutritious food source that is rich in vitamins, minerals, and fiber. The tubers are eaten cooked, baked, fried, or mashed, and the leaves and flowers of the plant can also be eaten. Potatoes can be stored in a cool, dry, and dark place for several months. Potatoes have a number of uses beyond their value as a food source. The tubers can be used as seed potatoes for planting, and the leaves and stems can be used as a natural insecticide or as mulch in the garden. In some parts of the world, potatoes are also used for their medicinal properties. Potatoes are a valuable food source for a variety of wildlife, including deer, rabbits, and squirrels. The flowers of the potato plant are also a source of nectar for bees and other pollinators. Show

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Pot marigold Pot marigold
2-11
Annual
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
0.6
Repels nematodes
Flowers, Leaves, Seed
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calendula_officinalis
Medium
Calendula, Common marigold, Scotch marigold, Ruddles
Asteraceae or compositae
Ringelblume
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Calendula officinalis
21°c (70°f)
6-14 days
5.5-7.0
15cm
60
The pot marigold, also known as Calendula officinalis, is a flowering plant probably native to southwestern Asia, western Europe, and the Mediterranean region, however, its long cultivation history makes its precise origin unknown. It is a herbaceous annual plant that typically grows to be about 12-18 inches tall, with hairy stems and leaves. The leaves are lance-shaped, with a hairy surface, and the flowers can range in colour from white through yellow and orange to red and even pink. In terms of growing conditions, the pot marigold prefers well-drained soil and full sun, although it can tolerate partial shade. It is winter hardy, but may not flower as profusely in colder climates. To cultivate it successfully, a grower should plant pot marigold seeds directly in the ground after the last frost of the season. The pot marigold has a number of uses, both culinary and medicinal. The flowers are edible and can be used to add color and flavor to salads and other dishes. The petals can also be dried and used to make tea. In terms of medicinal uses, the plant has been used for centuries to treat a variety of ailments, including wounds, infections, and skin irritation. The pot marigold is also attractive to a variety of pollinators, making it a valuable plant for attracting beneficial insects to the garden. Overall, the pot marigold is a versatile and easy-to-grow plant that is well-suited to a variety of garden settings. ### Propagation - Direct sow Direct sow in spring when light frost is still possible. Can be sown until early summer for fall blooms. ### Propagation - Transplant Sow indoors in late winter, transplant outside when risk of heavy frost has passed. #### Links [Calendula @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/zeolights-organic) Show

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Thyme Thyme
5-11
Perennial
Full sun
Dry, Moist
Light (sandy), Medium
Evergreen
0.1-0.3m
Herbs
true
Flowers, Leaves
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thymus_vulgaris
Medium
Garden thyme, Wild Thyme, Samon-phyu, Timo, Tomillo, Thym, Common thyme, German thyme, Thyme
Lamiaceae or Labiatae
Thymian
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Thymus vulgaris
Thyme (Thymus vulgaris) is a perennial herb that is native to the Mediterranean region. It has small, grey-green leaves and tiny, pink or purple flowers. The stems are woody and the plant grows to be about 30 cm tall. Thyme prefers well-drained, sandy soil and full sun. It is a low-maintenance plant and can be grown easily in a garden or in containers. To cultivate it successfully, it is important to water it regularly, especially during dry periods, and to trim the plant regularly to promote new growth. Thyme is edible and both the leaves and flowers can be used in cooking. They can be dried or frozen for long-term storage. The leaves have a strong, pungent flavor and are often used in meat and vegetable dishes, as well as in teas and other beverages. In addition to its culinary uses, thyme also has several medicinal properties. It has been used to treat respiratory conditions, such as bronchitis and asthma, and is also believed to have antibacterial and antifungal properties. It can also be used as a natural insect repellent. Thyme is an attractive plant that is valuable for wildlife. It is a good source of nectar for bees and other pollinators. It is also an important food plant for the caterpillars of some butterfly species. Overall, thyme is a versatile and useful herb that can be grown easily in a variety of conditions. Its flavorful leaves and attractive flowers make it a valuable addition to any garden or farm. Show

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Dill Dill
2-11
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium
0.8
Herbs
true
Leaves, Seed
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dill
Medium
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
Dill
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Anethum graveolens
Dill (Anethum graveolens) is a plant native to the eastern Mediterranean region and West Asia. It is an annual herb that grows to a height of about 1-2 feet and has delicate, feathery leaves. The plant has small yellow flowers that bloom in the summer. Dill is a popular herb in many cuisines, especially in European and Middle Eastern dishes. It is used to flavor soups, stews, fish, and pickles. The leaves and seeds of dill are both edible and can be used fresh or dried. The seeds have a more pungent flavor than the leaves and are often used in pickling. Dill can be stored by drying or freezing the leaves and seeds. Dill prefers full sun and well-drained soil. It is easy to grow and can be started from seed or from transplants. Dill is not winter hardy and will die off in the winter. In addition to its culinary uses, dill has been used medicinally to aid in digestion and to reduce inflammation. It has also been used as a natural insect repellent. The plant is attractive to many types of beneficial insects, making it a valuable addition to any garden. Show

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Tarragon Tarragon
5-8
Perennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Dry, Moist
Light (sandy), Medium
0.6
true
Leaves
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarragon
Medium
French tarragon, dragon mugwort, estragon, pehtran, t'arkhuna, russian tarragon
Asteraceae or compositae
Estragon
Weed potential
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Artemisia dracunculus
Tarragon is a plant native to the Eurasian region, specifically found in temperate climates such as those in France and Russia. It is a perennial herb with narrow, pointed leaves that have a distinctive aniseed aroma and flavor. The plant grows to a height of about 60-90 cm, with a slender, branching stem. The small yellow-green flowers are clustered in a spike-like arrangement. Tarragon is often confused with Russian tarragon, which has a similar appearance but lacks the flavor and aroma of true tarragon. To differentiate the two, true tarragon should be chosen for its strong aniseed scent and more robust growth habit. Tarragon prefers well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade. It is not winter hardy and may need to be protected from frost in colder climates. To cultivate tarragon successfully, it is recommended to plant in raised beds or containers and to prune regularly to encourage new growth. Tarragon is edible and can be used in a variety of dishes such as salads, sauces, and marinades. The leaves and stems are the edible parts and can be stored in the refrigerator or frozen for later use. In addition to its culinary uses, tarragon has been used medicinally for its digestive and diuretic properties. It is also valued as a companion plant in gardens due to its insect repelling properties. Show

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Nane Nane
Nana-minze
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Asparagus Asparagus
2-9
Perennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Evergreen
1-1.5m
Herbs
True
Shoots, Stem
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant, Division
16 weeks before last frost date
10-12 weeks, 1 week after last frost date
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/asparagus
Sparrow grass
Asparagaceae
Spargel
https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=asparagus officinalis
Europe, Western asia
Toxic fruits
6.5-7.0
Fasciculated
3-8inches
4-10inches long shoots
12-18 inches rows, 6–8inches in row
2-8 weeks
21-29°c (70-85°f)
8-12 weeks before last frost
Yes
Slow
Asparagus officinalis is a plant native to most of Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia. It is a herbaceous perennial plant that typically grows to around 0.5 to 1.5 meters in height, with slender stems and feathery leaves. The stems are typically green, but some varieties can have purple or white stems. The plant produces small, fragrant white or pink flowers in the spring, which give way to red berries in the fall, which are toxic to humans. Asparagus is a fast-growing plant that prefers well-draining, fertile soil and full sun exposure. It can grow in saline soils where other plants to do not grow. A soil pH below 6 is possible but best is to adjust to 6.5-7.0. It can be grown from seed or from crowns, and typically takes 2-3 years to reach maturity and begin producing edible shoots, which can be harvested for around 8-12 weeks each season. In cold climates, asparagus is winter hardy and can be left in the ground to overwinter. In warmer climates, it may need to be dug up and stored in a cool, dry place during the winter months. The edible shoots of asparagus can be harvested in the spring and early summer. They can be eaten raw or cooked, and have a delicate, slightly sweet flavor. The shoots can be stored in the refrigerator for a few days, but are best used fresh. Asparagus is a low-calorie, nutrient-dense vegetable, with high levels of vitamins A, C, and K, as well as folate and fiber. In addition to its use as a food, asparagus has a number of other uses. It is often used medicinally to treat a variety of conditions, including digestive disorders and urinary tract infections. The plant's leaves and stems can be used as mulch or compost, and the roots can help to fix nitrogen in the soil, making it useful for improving soil health. Asparagus has also been used as a weaving material and as a building material, due to its strength and durability. Asparagus is a valuable plant for wildlife, providing food and habitat for a variety of animals. The plant's flowers attract bees and other pollinators, and the berries are eaten by birds and small mammals. Asparagus is a good companion plant to the Tomato since it repels some harmful root nematodes for Tomatoes and Tomatoes repel the asparagus beetle. Show

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