Permaculture companion plants for Cucumber

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Image Name Data Description Actions
Basil Basil
5-10
Annual, Perennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium
0.5
Herbs
True
Leaves, Seed
Seed - direct sow
After last frost date
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basil
Fast
Common basil, Thai basil, Tropical basil
Lamiaceae or labiatae
Basilikum
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Ocimum basilicum
Start indoors from late february to mid-summer
Can be grown in containers
Bushy annual grown for medicinal and culinary uses. Removing the last pair of leaves encourages branching and growth. Leaves can be dried, pureed or frozen for storage. Show

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Common bean Common bean
2-11
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
2.0
Vines
N-fixer
True
Leaves, Seed, Seedpod
Seed - transplant, Seed - direct sow
1 week after last frost, 12-14 weeks before first frost
2-4 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaseolus_vulgaris
Pole bean, Climbing bean, French bean, Bush bean, Dwarf bean, Kidney bean
Fabaceae, Leguminosae
Stangenbohne
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Phaseolus vulgaris
16-18°c (70-80°f)
6.0-6.8
Kentucky wonder, Blue lake, Great northern white, Vermont cranberry, Jacob’s cattle
2.5cm
16cm
4-10 days
45-85
Fast
This entry describes all varieties of the common bean. This includes vining and bush/darf varities. The common bean is an annual plant and includes a lot of varieties with a different names depending on their style of growths (see alternate names). These include the kidney bean, the navy bean, the pinto bean, the french bean and the wax bean ### Links [Beans Seed Starting Tips @ Harvest to Table](https://harvesttotable.com/beans-seed-starting-tips/) ### Propagation - direct sow Direct-sow beans in spring after all danger of frost has passed and soil is at least 16°C (60°F). In warm-winter regions, sow beans in late summer for harvest in winter. Time sowing so that beans come to harvest before the first frost. Show

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Runner Bean Runner Bean
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/phaseolus_coccineus
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun
1-12
Scarlet runner, Scarlet runner bean, Scarlet conqueror, Fire bean, Mammoth, Red giant phaseolus coccineus ssppolyanthus (cache bean)
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Fabaceae or leguminosae
3.0
Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed, Seedpod
Annual, Perennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=phaseolus coccineus
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Borage Borage
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borage
Medium
Dry, Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
6-9
Common borage, Cool-tankard, Tailwort, Starflower
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Boraginaceae
0.6
Borretsch
60cm
5-15 days
At last frost
21°c (70°f)
Oil
Flowers, Leaves
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Borago officinalis
Seed - direct sow
#### Propagation Direct sow early spring when temperatures reach 21°C (70°F). Best sown directly, as borage develops a delicate taproot. #### Links [Borage @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/borage) Show

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Carrot Carrot
Leaves, Root
3-10
Biennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
1.2
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
Möhre, Karotte
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Daucus carota sativus
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Corn Corn
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun
2-11
Maize, Corn, Abado, Able, Aburow, Agbado, Awasi, Awi, Bara-jowar, Bhutta, Blefo, Bli, Buta, Chujak, Goinjol, Gomdhan, Igbado, Jagung, Janar, Jonar, Junri, Kaaba, Keto, Kolkoti, Kon, Kono, Kukri, Maka, Makai, Makka jonnalu, Makka-cholam, Makka, Makkai, Makkari, Makoi, Masara agwado, Massara, Mekkejola, Milho, Mokka-janna, Musukojola, Naham, Nyo, Oka, Oksusu, Shaa, Sil ni vavalagi, Ta-mank, Yu shu shu, Ai, Amylum maydis, Awási, Aya, Corn oi, 6 corn oil (unhydrogenated), Corn silk, Corn starch, Corn syrup solids, Corn|iringu, Dent corn, Dura shami, Field corn, Flint corn, Gangnaengi, Granoturco, Indian corn, Maidis stigma, Mais, Maiz, Aceite, Maize oil, Refined, Maize starch, Majs, Maydis amylum, Maydis oleum raffinatum, Maydis stigma, Maíz, Aceite refinado, Maîs, Maïs, Ogsusu, Oleum maydis, Pelos de elafe, Pod corn, Popcorn, Refined maize oil, Risoy genime sami, Stigmata maidis, Styli cum stigmatis zeae maydis, Sweet corn, Topical starch, To-morokoshi, Yu mi shu, Yu mi xu, Zein, Zorrat
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Poaceae or gramineae
2
Mais
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/maize
Pollen, Seed, Stem
Oil
Annual
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=zea mays
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Dill Dill
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/dill
True
Medium
Moist
Full sun
2-11
Light (sandy), Medium
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
0.8
Herbs
Dill
Leaves, Seed
Annual
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=anethum graveolens
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Lettuce Lettuce
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/lettuce
True
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
5-9
Garden lettuce
Light (sandy), Medium
Asteraceae or compositae
0.9
Blattsalat
Herbs
Leaves, Seed
Oil
Annual, Biennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=lactuca sativa
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Marjoram Marjoram
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/marjoram
True
Dry, Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
6-9
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Lamiaceae or labiatae
0.6
Majoran
Herbs
Leaves
Perennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=origanum majorana
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Nasturtium Nasturtium
Flowers, Leaves, Seed, Seedpod
Trap crop, Deters whiteflies, Deters cucumber beetles, Attracts insects, Good for biomass
Herbs
6-11
Annual, Perennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
1 week after last frost - late spring
2-4 weeks before last frost
2 weeks after last frost
3.5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropaeolum_majus
Fast
Tropaeolum, Indian cress
Tropaeolaceae
Große kapuzinerkresse
15cm
7-12 days
12-18°c (55-65°f)
Oil
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Tropaeolum majus
Flowering plant on the ground. Can be grown annual or perennial #### Links [Nasturtium @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/jewel-mix ) Show

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Radish Radish
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/radish
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
2-11
Cultivated radish
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Brassicaceae or cruciferae
0.5
Rettich
Roots
Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed, Seedpod
Oil
Weed potential
Annual
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=raphanus sativus
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Maximilian Sunflower Maximilian Sunflower
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/helianthus_maximiliani
True
Medium
Moist
Full sun
4-10
Maximillian daisy
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Asteraceae or compositae
2.4
Root
Perennial
#### Links [Maximilian Sunflower @ Plants For A Future](https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Helianthus maximilianii) Show

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Common Sunflower Common Sunflower
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/helianthus_annuus
True
Fast
Dry, Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
6-9
Common sunflower
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Asteraceae or compositae
3.0
Flowers, Seed, Stem
Oil
Weed potential
Annual
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=helianthus annuus
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Kohlrabi Kohlrabi
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
4-8
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Brassicaceae or cruciferae
0.5
German turnip
Kohlrabi
Leaves, Stem
Annual, Biennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=brassica oleracea gongylodes
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Broccoli Broccoli
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
2-11
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Brassicaceae or cruciferae
0.9
Brokkoli
Flowers, Leaves
Annual, Biennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Brassica oleracea italica
50-100
45cm
6.0-7.0
7-10 days
4°c (40°f)
6-8 weeks before last frost
Annual green vegetable plant. Head and stalk is edible. ### Propagation - Direct sow Sow seeds 7cm apart, thin when seedlings reach 5-7cm in height. ### Propagation - Transplant Start seeds 6-8 weeks before your last frost date, or 2-3 weeks before last frost date. Plant outside when seedlings are 4-6 weeks old, or have 4-5 leaves. #### Links [Broccoli @ Almanac](https://www.almanac.com/plant/broccoli) Show

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Brussel Sprouts Brussel Sprouts
True
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Brassicaceae or cruciferae
1.2
Rosenkohl
Leaves
Biennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=brassica oleracea gemmifera
A leaf vegetable in the cabbage family. Show

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Cauliflower Cauliflower
True
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
3-10
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Brassicaceae or cruciferae
0.8
Blumenkohl
Flowers, Leaves
Annual, Biennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=brassica oleracea botrytis
Annual plant reproduced by seed. Show

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Pea Pea
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/pea
True
Moist
Full sun
Light (sandy), Medium
Fabaceae or leguminosae
2.0
Erbse
Vines
3-9
Leaves, Seed
Annual
N-fixer
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=pisum sativum
Show

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Onion Onion
Bulb, Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed
Herbs
3-9
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
Spring or fall
0.6
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onion
Garden onion
Alliaceae
Zwiebel
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Allium cepa
50°f, 10°c
Seed indoors 6 weeks before transplanting in the garden
2-6 inches
6.0-7.0
While the Onion is a biennial/ perennial plant, it is mostly grown annually for it's edible leaves and bulbs. Shallot is a popular and well-known variety Can be grown from seeds or sets. Show

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Marigold Marigold
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calendula_officinalis
Medium
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
2-11
Pot marigold, Common marigold, Scotch marigold, Ruddles
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Asteraceae or compositae
0.6
Ringelblume
Flowers, Leaves, Seed
Annual
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Calendula officinalis
21°c (70°f)
6-14 days
5.5-7.0
15cm
60
Repels nematodes
### Propagation - Direct sow Direct sow in spring when light frost is still possible. Can be sown until early summer for fall blooms. ### Propagation - Transplant Sow indoors in late winter, transplant outside when risk of heavy frost has passed. #### Links [Calendula @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/zeolights-organic) Show

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Beet Beet
4-8
Biennial
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Deciduous
0.9
True
Leaves, Root
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
2-3 weeks before last frost, 6-8 weeks before the first frost
6-8 weeks before last frost
2 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/beta_vulgaris
Chenopodiaceae
Rübe
https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=beta vulgaris craca
6.0-6.8
10°c (50°f)
5-12 days
1.5 cm
20cm
45-65
Detroit dark red, Early wonder, Burpee’s golden, Bulls’s blood, Cylindra, Little ball, Chioggia, Lutz green leaf
### Links [How to Grow Beets @ Harvest to Table](https://harvesttotable.com/how_to_grow_beets/) Show

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Garlic Garlic
3-10
Perennial
Full sun
Dry, Moist
Light (sandy), Medium
0.6
Herbs
Bulb, Flowers, Leaves, Root, Seed
Seed - direct sow
Late autumn (sept.-nov.) or early spring
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garlic
Cultivated garlic
Alliaceae
Knoblauch
20cm
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Allium sativum
6.5-7.0
Sting and itch relief from insect bites
Fibrous
Shallow
100-150days
Garlic is a perennial flowering plant growing from a bulb. It is pollinated by bees, butterflies, moths, and other insects. Mulch for proper overwintering when planted in autumn. To harvest dig and do not pull out the bulbs. Let them dry in an airy, shady and dry spot e.g. by hanging them up. Once wrappers are dry, it can be stored at a dry place. Show

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Celery Celery
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/celery
True
Moist
Partial sun/shade
5-9
Ajwain-ka-patta (indian)
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
0.6
Sellerie
Herbs
Leaves, Root, Seed
Annual, Biennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=apium graveolens
Show

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Chamomile Chamomile
Herbs
5-9
Annual
Full sun
Dry, Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
At last frost date
0.5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matricaria_chamomilla
Asteraceae or compositae
Kamille
Matricaria recutita - l., German chamomile, Wild chamomile
Direct sow in autumn or shortly before latest date of frost
Start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date
1 week
One species of the daisy family often used for herbal-infused chamomile tea. Can be used fresh or dried. Native to southern and eastern Europe and western Asia. Need light to germinate. #### Links [Chamomile @ Plants For A Future](https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Matricaria recutita) Show

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Tomato Tomato
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomato
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun
10-12
Garden tomato, Dumádu, Garden tomato, Love apple, Lycopersicum esculentum, Tomate, Tomato, Tomato extract containing lycopene, Tomato|thakkali, Tumatis, Lycopersicon esculentum
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Solanaceae
2.0
Tomate
Fruit, Seed
Oil
Annual, Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Solanum lycopersicum, https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Lycopersicon esculentum
Start seeds indoors 5-6 weeks before last frost
In containers or in rows in beds around last frost date
6.2-6.8
70-80°f
An easy-growing, humus-loving vegetable plant that is mostly grown for its fruits that can be eaten fresh, cooked or dried in salads and various dishes. A great number of varieties have been cultivated. Indeterminate tomato plants are perennials in their native habitat, but are cultivated as annuals. Determinate, or bush, plants are annuals that stop growing at a certain height and produce a crop all at once. Lycopersicon esculentum is a synonym of this plant. Show

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