Permaculture companion plants for Basil

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Image Name Data Description Actions
Apricot Apricot
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/prunus_armeniaca
True
Medium
Moist
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
4-8
Trees
Light (sandy), Medium
Rosaceae
9.0
True
True
Fruit, Seed
Oil
Animal feed, Attracts insects
Perennial
Deciduous
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=prunus armeniaca
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Asparagus Asparagus
2-9
Perennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Evergreen
1-1.5m
Herbs
True
Shoots, Stem
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant, Division
16 weeks before last frost date
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/asparagus
Sparrow grass
Asparagaceae
Spargel
https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=asparagus officinalis
Europe, Western asia
Toxic fruits
6.5-7.0
Fasciculated
3-8inches
4-10inches long shoots
12-18 inches rows, 6–8inches in row
2-8 weeks
21-29°c (70-85°f)
10-12 weeks, 1 week after last frost date
8-12 weeks before last frost
Yes
Slow
The fruit, which is a small red berry with 6-10mm diameter is toxic to humans. Asparagus can grow in saline soils where other plants to do not grow. A soil pH below 6 is possible but best is to adjust to 6.5-7.0. Only start harvesting three year old or older plants for around 8-12 weeks each season. Asparagus is a good companion plant to the Tomato since it repels some harmful root nematodes for Tomatoes and Tomatoes repel the asparagus beetle. Show

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Fennel Fennel
Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/fennel
True
Dry, Moist
Full sun
4-9
Sweet fennel
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Apiaceae or umbelliferae
1.5
Fenchel
Herbs
Leaves, Root, Seed, Stem
Weed potential
Perennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=foeniculum vulgare
Fennel is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. Mostly it is grown for it's edible bulbs and seeds. Show

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Tomato Tomato
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomato
True
Fast
Moist
Full sun
10-12
Garden tomato, Dumádu, Garden tomato, Love apple, Lycopersicum esculentum, Tomate, Tomato, Tomato extract containing lycopene, Tomato|thakkali, Tumatis, Lycopersicon esculentum
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Solanaceae
2.0
Tomate
Fruit, Seed
Oil
Annual, Perennial
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Solanum lycopersicum, https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Lycopersicon esculentum
Start seeds indoors 5-6 weeks before last frost
In containers or in rows in beds around last frost date
6.2-6.8
70-80°f
An easy-growing, humus-loving vegetable plant that is mostly grown for its fruits that can be eaten fresh, cooked or dried in salads and various dishes. A great number of varieties have been cultivated. Indeterminate tomato plants are perennials in their native habitat, but are cultivated as annuals. Determinate, or bush, plants are annuals that stop growing at a certain height and produce a crop all at once. Lycopersicon esculentum is a synonym of this plant. Show

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Bell pepper Bell pepper
True
Medium
Moist
Full sun
10-11
Cayenne pepper, Chili pepper, Christmas pepper, Red pepper, Ornamental chili pepper
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
Solanaceae
1.0
Paprika, Gemüsepaprika
Flowers, Fruit, Leaves
Perennial
Https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=capsicum annuum
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Common Grape Vine Common Grape Vine
6-10
Perennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Dry, Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
15-32m
Vines
True
Flowers, Fruit, Leaves, Seeds
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vitis_vinifera
Fast
Wine grape, Purpleleaf grape, Common grape, Angur, Diva loza, Grozde yagorida, Tumpeang ba'y chu, Uva, Vid, Vigne, Vino, Weinrebe, Aanab, Ainab, Aitoviiniköynnös, Lehti, Angoor, Angur, Blad från vinranka, Bortermo szolo levél, Cognac oil, Common grape vine, Dakh, Darakh, Drakh, Draksa, Draksh, Draksha, Draksha kottai, Draksha pondu, Drakshai, Drakya, Dry grapes, Drak?a (fruit), European grape, Feuille de vigne rouge, Folha de videira, Frunze de vita-de-vie, Gostani, Gostoni, Grape, Grape seeds oligomeric proanthocyanidins, Grape vine, Grapevine, Grapevine leaf, Kashmish, Kishmish, Kottai drakshai, Lambrusca, Lambrusque, Lie de vin, List vinica, List vinske trte, Lisc winorosli wlasciwej, Maneka, Maweez munaqqa, Maweezak kohi, Munaca, Munaqqa, Munkka, Munthringya, M?dvika, Parra, Raisins, Rote weinrebenblätter, Rød vinranke, Blad, Tikruju vynmedžiu lapai, Vid, Hoja de, Vigne, Vigne rouge, Vigne vinifère, Viinapuu lehed, Vinblad, Vine, Vinho, Vino, Vite, Foglia, Vitis vinifera, Flos, Vitis viniferae folium, Vínviðarlauf, Weinrebe, Werqa tad-dielja, Wijnstokblad, Wine, Wine grape, Zabeeb-ul-jabal, Cervený list vinné révy, Ista vinkoka lapas
Vitaceae
Weintraube
Oil
https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=Vitis+Vinifera
Southern europe, Central europe, Southwestern asia
4.3-8.6
Deciduous
Tap
0.6-6m
8feet
6 weeks
20°c (69°f)
12months
Seed - direct sow, Cuttings
No
This is the common grape which has a lot of varieties but only a few are grown (commercially). Fruits are used to be eaten fresh or used for producing juice, wine or vinegar. Raisins are made out of dried grapes. Leaves and flowers can be eaten too. Seeds are used to produce oil. # Propagation While propagation from seed is possible, propagating from cuttings or grafting is way more common and simple. Show

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Chives Chives
3-12
Perennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
0.3
Herbs
Attracts insects, Ground cover
True
Bulb, Flowers, Leaves, Root
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant, Division
4-6 weeks before last frost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chives
Medium
Wild chives, Flowering onion
Alliaceae
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Allium schoenoprasum
14-21days
6.0-7.0
21°c (70°f)
8-12inches
Schnittlauch
Chives are a bulb-forming herbaceous perennial plant, growing to 30–50 cm (12–20 in) tall. The bulbs are slender, conical, 2–3 cm (3⁄4–1 1⁄4 in) long and 1 cm (1⁄2 in) broad, and grow in dense clusters from the roots. The scapes (or stems) are hollow and tubular, up to 50 cm (20 in) long and 2–3 mm (1⁄16–1⁄8 in) across, with a soft texture, although, prior to the emergence of a flower, they may appear stiffer than usual. The grass-like leaves, which are shorter than the scapes, are also hollow and tubular, or terete, (round in cross-section) which distinguishes it at a glance from garlic chives (Allium tuberosum). The flowers are pale purple, and star-shaped with six petals, 1–2 cm (1⁄2–3⁄4 in) wide, and produced in a dense inflorescence of 10-30 together; before opening, the inflorescence is surrounded by a papery bract. The seeds are produced in a small, three-valved capsule, maturing in summer. The herb flowers from April to May in the southern parts of its habitat zones and in June in the northern parts. Show

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Cucumber Cucumber
9-11
Annual
Full sun
Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
2
Vines
Fruit, Leaves
Seed - direct sow, Seed - transplant
1 week after last frost
2-3 weeks before last frost
1 week after last frost date
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cucumber
Cucurbitaceae
Gurke
50-65
23cm
6.0-6.8
15-30°c (60-85°f)
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Cucumis sativus
True
Fruit
Annual, self-fertile climber whose fruit is a popular ingredient for salads. The plant will develop male and female flowers. You can recognize the female by having a tiny cucumber underneath. Sometimes the plant develops a lot of male flowers first, so be patient. If you don’t see any bees pollinating. Take a male and put it on all the female flowers. #### Propagation Direct sow when soil is warm enough in early summer. Sow seeds individually indoors 3-4 weeks before planting outside into warm soil. Use bottom heat if possible. Transplant when plants develop third leaf. #### Medicinal Fruit is depurative, diuretic, emollient, purgative and resolvent #### Links [Cucumber @ West Coast Seeds](https://www.westcoastseeds.com/products/patio-snacker) Show

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Oregano Oregano
True
Leaves
Herbs
4-10
Perennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Dry, Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
0.6
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oregano
Medium
Pot marjoram
Lamiaceae or labiatae
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Origanum vulgare
Oil
Best in late spring; softwood cuttings root fastest
True
20cm
4.5–8.7
A perennial herb originating from the Mediterranean that is often grown for its leaves to use as cooking ingredient. Leaves can be used fresh or dried. Harvesting is best before flowering. Show

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Chamomile Chamomile
Herbs
5-9
Annual
Full sun
Dry, Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
At last frost date
0.5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matricaria_chamomilla
Asteraceae or compositae
Kamille
Matricaria recutita - l., German chamomile, Wild chamomile
Direct sow in autumn or shortly before latest date of frost
Start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date
1 week
One species of the daisy family often used for herbal-infused chamomile tea. Can be used fresh or dried. Native to southern and eastern Europe and western Asia. Need light to germinate. #### Links [Chamomile @ Plants For A Future](https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Matricaria recutita) Show

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Strawberry Tomato Strawberry Tomato
4-8
Annual, Perennial
Full sun, Partial sun/shade
Dry, Moist
Light (sandy), Medium, Heavy (clay)
0.6
True
Fruit
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physalis_pruinosa
Solanaceae
https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Physalis pruinosa
65-75
6-8 weeks before last frost
Herbs
6-6.8
Central america
60cm
60cm
Attracts pollinators
Ground cherry, Caped gooseberry
Pineapple, Goldie, Aunt molly's, New hanover
### Links [Ground cherry @ Gardener's Path](https://gardenerspath.com/plants/fruit/grow-ground-cherries/) [How to grow ground cherries @ Growing in the Garden](https://growinginthegarden.com/how-to-grow-ground-cherries-10-tips-for-growing-ground-cherries/) Show

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